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From Clean To Green: Reasons For Pool Water Discoloration

Pool Water Discoloration

Hello!! I am back again with yet another swimming pool related article. It took me some time to get back to you guys. But come on! It is not every day that a pool issue crops up in my neighborhood.

Honestly speaking! I am somewhat good at the pool repair stuff, and once I work my magic, you can be rest assured that the pool will not give any trouble for some time.

Above all, repairing pools is only my hobby, you guys. It is not my profession. But my family members are sure that I will make handsome revenue, if become a full-time pool repair man.

No thanks!!

The winter is long gone, and the summer is almost knocking on our doors. So, it is time to prepare the pool once again to beat the heat with wet splashes. My youngest daughter is showing extra interest in the pool.

She loves water and spends most of the time either by the pool or in the pool. So, when my princess said that it was time to prep the pool, then I had to obey her commands. Last weekend, I thought of taking off the covers.

I hope you remember that I only have a normal pool cover and not high tech ones as my in-laws have. My daughter was by my side all the time.

When I finally took off the cover, my daughter shouted “Ewwww!! What is wrong with the pool daddy?” My favorite pool that was crystal clear last summer has turned green like a swamp.

When my wife saw the condition, she could not stop laughing. I was rather annoyed with this behavior.

When I asked her, she said that I had spent too much time inspecting and repairing others’ pools and pumps.

My green pool is the proof that its time I turned my attention towards my own house. She was kind of right. So, it was time to get down to business once again.

Green pool indicates lack of maintenance

Yes! It's right! My pool was not maintained properly. Laugh all you want! Pool maintenance is a tricky task.

I always fish out leaves, twigs, and other debris, which fall in the water. Apparently, that is not enough.

Running the filter regularly is also not enough. I did not have to spend too much time on the internet, searching for the cause of this green water.

My wife was quick to come to my rescue! Yes, guys! She!! Her parents always had a pool. So, she was aware of this condition.

She quickly suggested checking the chlorine balance, or algae growth. She had faced a similar situation at her place. Thank god I was not dating her back then!

Too much algae growth in water

Algae are plants, which grow in water. There is no exact reason why it happens. When it gets moisture in abundant amounts, and the right temperature, it develops.

Low maintenance and lack of movement in the pool also encourage its growth.

Algae not only float on the pool water, but also attach to the walls, and floor of the pool. It happens when the algae growth exceeds normal level.

Presence of this plant in the pool water will not only make the water greenish but will also make the water unsafe for swimming.

If you swim in algae-infested water, then you can develop skin infection and hair problems. So, I made sure none of my kids, or dog ventured near the pool.

The last thing that you want to do is turn on the filter if pool water has algae. The plants will get into the filter, and clog it. That will be an added issue. Trust me! You do not want that.

Malfunction of the pool pump filter

Algae infested water cannot be cleaned with the pool filter. But if your filter is not working, then it can trigger the growth of these green plants, which can rob the pool of its glorious look.

 You must have read my article on cleaning pool filter cartridges. Wait, what? You haven’t? Well! Then go read that first.

It is common for filters to stop working. Apart from technical issues, it happens when something gets stuck in the filters.

When the water circulation stops, stagnant water offers an ideal breeding field for the algae.

 Fungi growth will soon follow algae, and the situation will turn from bad to worse. So, it is best to keep the pool pump filter in perfect condition, at all times.

Inadequate levels of Chlorine

Any individual who has a pool will know about the importance of chlorine in maintaining the color, and hygiene of the pool.

Adding chlorine not only prevents the pool water from stain but also keeps the germs away.

The absence of proper chlorine concentration in the water will encourage the growth of fungi and algae in the pool water.

If you do not want to face a situation as I did, as soon as you remove your automatic pool cover, then make sure that chlorine level in the pool is adequate.

If you are located in a warm area, then you normal chlorine will not be enough to meet the requirements. Purchase some strong algaecides, which will triumph over these minute green plants.

pH imbalance in the pool water

pH imbalance is another reason that can turn the pool water cloudy. Even a person, who is not aware of the adverse effects of algae infection, will not feel the urge to get into a pool that has greenish and cloudy water.

It is too uninviting. I was unable to look at my pool for more than two minutes at a stretch. It felt like my whole body was itching, even though I was standing far from the water.

pH balance of the water must be kept neutral, at 7.4. In case it goes below this level, you will suffer from a burning sensation in your mucous membranes, and eyes. If the acidity of the water increases, then it can also affect the pool pump filter, especially the cartridges.

On the other hand, if the water becomes highly alkaline, then it will react with the chlorine, and prevent it from working its magic.

Chlorine will not be able to disinfect pool water properly if the pH level of the water goes above 7.4. It will make way for cloudiness, and discoloration of your pool.

You will be happy to know that I was able to tackle this problem on my own as well. What does this mean? It means another article on that is on its way guys. Trust me!

Getting rid of algae is a tough task. When I was only half way through the challenge, I had to bring in extra hands to do the scrubbing.

Yes! I may look invincible in pool related matters, but even Super-Man needed to join hands with Bat-Man, and Wonder Woman in “Dawn of Justice.” So, cut me some slack.

Conclusion

Everything is correlated. If you wish to keep the pool in perfect condition, then you will have to turn on the filter, as well as maintain proper pH balance of the water.

 Be it an inexpensive pool cover, or a costly automatic pool cover, it will also keep external dirt away. Unwanted algae growth plays havoc with the pool filter cartridges as well.

How To Test Salt Level In The Pool?

How To Test Salt Level In The Pool?

As a father, it is my primary duty to ensure the health and well-being of my kids. I am ready to take on the entire world to safeguard my kids. Which father won’t do the same, right? The pool that brought smiles to the faces of my family members was also responsible for a lot of pain and tears.

 I must admit it was my fault. I should have been more careful about maintaining the chemical balance in the pool. Remember how my youngest daughter loves the pool? A slight imbalance in the pool salt level gave her an eye infection.

My baby was unable to sleep for two nights. We took her to the doctor, but only a father knows how it hurts when you see your daughter suffering, and you cannot do anything to comfort her.

Automatic pool chlorine generator

I used to add chemicals and chlorine manually to maintain the pH level in the pool. But recently, I installed a pool chlorine generator. The main function of the machine is to create chlorine in swimming pool directly.

 The device automatically maintains the level of adequate chlorine in the water. Due to this, I could save a lot of money and space on the purchase and storage of chlorine-based product containers respectively.

Never rely on the machine blindly

Even experts make mistakes. I made the mistake of trusting the machine blindly. You should not do the same. If I had checked the chlorine level manually, my daughter would not have suffered so much.

 One cannot predict when a machine will malfunction. Thus, you must always keep a manual salt level test kit handy. You can either purchase a Taylor Test Kit as I have or bring home any of the portable modern salt testers. TekcoPlus 6 in 1 or the LaMotte Pocket Tester are two of my favorites. Chlorine balance has several advantages. It prevents the growth, and multiplication of germs.

It also keeps water discoloration at bay. If the level of salt in pool water is correct, then it will discourage the growth of fungi and algae as well.

Anyhow, here, I will give you a step by step guide to test the salinity level of your pool water. If you have any pocket tester, then all you need is to take some water in the tester cup and dip the sensor.

The readings will appear on the display monitor. As per my experience, these testers are very accurate and consistent. I am rather an old school and like to depend on numbers and my senses.

Step 1 – Collect a water sample

Whether you have a pool cover or not, you should never collect water from the water surface.

I went towards the deeper end of the pool and immersed my hand around 12 to 18 inches below the water line. It is the ideal depth to collect the water sample. It allowed me to obtain uncontaminated water from the pool.

Step 2 – Prepare the Taylor Salinity Test Kit

The Taylor Test Kit comes is a cute blue box. It purchased it from an online store, and the delivery rather quick. As soon as I got the kit, I got down to business. I know that the ideal salt balance in the pool water should be anything between 3000 ppm to 3500 ppm.

The box contains a small jar, where the testing will take place, a small bottle of Chromate Indicator, and a little container of Silver Nitrate reagent. Make sure you are out of the house when doing this test. If the chemicals get in touch with your clothes, the stains will never come off.

Step 3 – Prepare the water sample

Once I placed all contents of the test kit on the table, it was time to start the test. I poured the water sample that I had collected from the pool into the jar. The test can be performed with just 10 ml of water.

Once I poured the water into the testing jar, I poured only one drop of Chromate Indicator in it. Then I shook the water in a circular motion so that the two liquids mix well. It has a pale yellow color.

Step 4 – Adding Silver Nitrate to the water

It is mandatory that you add the Silver Nitrate, drop-wise in the water, and keep shaking it after adding two drops. Keeping an accurate count is also imperative.

These numbers will determine the salt level in the pool water. So, I kept on adding two drops of the reagent, and the mixed the liquid, by moving the jar in a circular motion.

Step 5 – Change in the watercolor

After adding 21 drops of the reagent, the clear liquid changed into a milky white salmon flesh color. The change in tint is the indicator that the test is complete. Remember I told you that it is mandatory to keep count of this? Well! Now it will come to the forefront.

Step 6 – Do the number crunching

As it took 21 drops of the reagent to turn the transparent water into a milky white salmon flesh tint, I multiplied 21 to 200. It is the basic calculation technique to figure out the salinity level in the pool. The product of the two numbers is 4200.

 Thus, the salt level in my pool was 4200 ppm, which was way above the normal level. My friend has a pocket tester. I borrowed it and checked the salinity level another time. The machine also gave me similar reading. Thus, I concluded the water sample testing.

I did not wait for long to correct this mistake. I called the mechanic and got the machine repaired pronto. When the health of my family is on the line, I don’t want to take matters in my hand and acquire experience.

 I can do that in future as well. The experts used their professional tools to measure the salinity again, before adding necessary chemicals to make the water pH neutral. I will never forget the sight of my daughter sobbing. I will purchase a mini salinity tester to keep the same situation from reoccurring.

Conclusion

It is not difficult to maintain the Chlorine balance if you make use of the right products, at proper intervals. Apart from chlorine, other dirt participles can contaminate the water as well.

Using a pool cover keeps these issues at bay, and your pool water will be clean and hygienic. Chemicals and chlorine balance is a must for the upkeep of pool water quality.

How To Put Chemicals In Pool For First Time?

pool chemicals

Will it not be awesome to get up in the morning, and take a sip out of your coffee cup, by the side of your private pool? Sounds like a dream, right? Well! Lucky for me, I get to relive this dream each and every day. And no! It does not get boring after first few months.

Your relation with the pool is far more dynamic that you can ever imagine. Your marriage may get boring after some months, but your pool will continue to surprise you till the last day. Any man who denies this is definitely lying. And I will find myself sleeping on the couch for several nights if my wife ends up reading this article.

 So, I am keeping my fingers crossed, and you better pray for the safety of your “friendly pool pump expert,” if you want to continue getting interesting, and informative article from me.

Pool waters vs. regular water

When my parents moved to the city, my brother and I were rather young. We did not have a private pool, but my father’s friend, Mr. Collins did. We used to visit his place during the summers. I was in the same class with his son, and we were buddies.

Wondering why I am taking a stroll down memory lane? Well! You need to read a bit more to figure it out. As I said, I knew nothing about pool or pool water back then. One day, we were playing by the side of the pool. Yes! It is dangerous, but boys will be boys. Anyways, I felt thirsty and scooped up a glass of water from the pool.

As I was about to drink it, Mr. Collins stopped me. He was the first person who told me that pool water was far different from regular tap water. I did not understand what he meant back then, but now I do.

Regular tap water contains minerals, which are good for health. But pool water contains chemicals, which can upset your stomach if you swallow it. I regularly check the chemical balance in the pool to ensure safety and water quality. I empty my pool and refill it after every six months.

 I attach a big hose to the fire hydrant and fill in the pool. It is less expensive. You can opt for water delivery trucks, or get water from a nearby well or lake. Make sure to filter pool water before you pour it in the pool.

List of necessary chemicals

Stella is my cousin, and she has recently moved in the neighborhood. We helped them to set up. Hey! That is what family does! Once unpacking was complete, Stella asked me to help start-up her pool.

Between you and me, I knew this was coming. After all, they do not call me “pool expert” for nothing. So, I used the same fire hydrant to fill her pool. Now it was time to add the chemicals. I rushed to the store and picked up a few necessary items.

Make sure you have these if you need to take care of a similar situation.

  • Scale and stain preventer
  • Shock Chlorine Granules
  • Chlorine tablets
  • pH regulators
  • Cyanuric Acid as a stabilizer
  • Clarifiers and Algaecide
  • Chemical balance test kits
  • Setting up the pool

    Make sure that you do the calculations as to the proportion of each chemical that needs to go in the water. You do not want to mess up the pH balance of water. The amount of chemicals will differ according to the water content in the pool.

    Step 1 - Adjust the Alkalinity and pH level at first

    I always add those chemicals, which affect the alkalinity and pH level of the pool water. As per my experience, if you nail these factors, then other steps will be as smooth as swimming in cool water on a hot day! As the TA of Stella’s pool water was more than 120 ppm, I added pH decrease to adjust the water quality. If the TA were less than 80 ppm, I would have added alkalinity Increaser. Once alkalinity was done, it was time to test the pH again. I always keep the pH level of pool water between 7.2 to 7.6. Anything more or less needs adjustments.

    Step 2 - Maintaining Proper Calcium level in water

    When I add chemicals to my pool, I do not dump all ingredients at once. I follow a certain order that makes the task easy, safe and 100% satisfactory. Some of the chemicals tend to reach more in the presence of sunlight.

     I am aware of these things by now. So, I picked a cloudy and less humid day to work on Stella’s pool. Our area falls in hard water belt, and this makes use of Calcium hardness increasing chemicals necessary.  I kept on adding this chemical till the water reached a Calcium level of 180 t0 200 ppm.

    Step 3 – Adjusting the Cyanuric levels

    Cyanuric acid is an essential chemical that you need to add to the pool, if you desire to maintain the quality of water. It acts as a stabilizer. As Stella’s pool was filled for the first time, the level of Cyanuric acid was very low.

    Adding Chlorine tables did increase the level of this stabilizer, but more was needed. Thus, I had to pour more cyanuric acid into the water. The stabilizer will prevent the chlorine in the water to react, and turn the water cloudy, in the presence of sunrays. I added 3 lbs of Cyanuric acid for 10,000 gallons of water. Stella had two kids. I was very cautious while adding these chemicals to the pool.

    A small miscalculation from my side can cause problems for them. I don’t want them to suffer as my daughter did.

    Step 4 – Preparing the water with chlorine

    Remember the chlorine granules and tablets I bought? Finally, I added them to maintain a proper chlorine level in the water. The granular chlorine will shock the water, and prevent the buildup of germs and fungi. I also added Algaecide for maintaining the quality of water for long.

    Step 5– Time to bring out the chemical test kits

    I knew the chemicals would take around a day to work. So, I put up a makeshift pool cover, to protect the water from dirt or sunlight, during the next 24 hours. On the third day, I switched on the pool pump to filter the water. Once it was done, I allowed the water to rest for eight hours. Then I pulled out my chemical test kit to check if everything was in order or not. My efforts paid off, and the chemical equilibrium was exactly as I wanted it to be.

    Conclusion

    So, friends! It does not matter whether you have an automated pool cover or not. Maintaining a proper chemical balance in the pool and optimum pH balance are cardinal aspects. If you mess it up, you will find yourself in a sticky situation. Test and filter the water as per norms, and your pool will only offer enjoyment.

    How Many Bags Of Salt Are Needed To Startup A Pool?

    How Many Bags Of Salt Are Needed To Startup A Pool?

    Hello guys! According to weather experts, this year, summer will be long and hot. While some might not like the news, for people who like to spend time in the pool, it is like music to their ears.

    By now, you are well aware of the fact that every member of my family falls into the second category. My wife used to think that a private pool is nothing but an extra expense. Luckily, some of my enthusiasm about pool related stuff has inspired her.

    Now she encourages me to take on pool projects. Sometimes I wonder why she had such a change of heart. Anyways, as long as she is happy, I am glad as well.

    Pool startup: Pay attention to small details

    My sudden love and expertise in pool related matters have encouraged my friends to invest in properties, which come with pools. Barry came over to my place a few months back and said that he was buying a new home.

    When he mentioned that the house has a massive pool, I knew I was going to tackle another pool startup project. He moved in with his family about a month back, and now that he is all set, it is time to take on the big project. So, last Saturday, I reached his home early in the morning and inspected his pool.

    The pool was massive! He asked his brother to come over, and three of us started work on the pool. I tackled the basics, and they were following everything I was saying like obedient students. I like to pay attention to details when I am prepping a pool.

    I removed the pool cover and was surprised to see that the pool was perfectly clean. Barry told me that he had hired some professionals to clean the pool.

    They had done a good job. So, it was time to refill the pool with fresh water. Once the pool was full, I started work on adjusting the salt level in the pool.

    Chlorinator machine is a must

    I keep on mentioning that it is crucial to maintain the overall salt level in pool water. So, Barry had already installed a chlorinator machine.

    But it will not produce any salt unless there is sufficient chlorine in the water to start with. So, it was time to add salt to the pool water. Ideally, the salt level in the pool water must be between 3500ppm to 7000ppm.

    If anyone maintains this level, then the chlorinator will create and maintain salt concentration in the pool perfectly. No matter what type of water you use, it will have some amount of salt in it.

    You need to adjust the salt level according to that. So, I used a salt testing kit to measure the overall salt level in the pool. It was on the lower side of the bar and meant that I needed some bags of salt to increase the salinity level.

    Purchase good quality salt

    You can either purchase salt bags from the online store or make a quick trip to the swimming pool maintenance store. Since the supermarket has a good collection of pool salts, I opted for the latter.

    Barry went with me, and we opted for good quality swimming pool salt bags. From my prior experience, I can say that rock salt is not an ideal choice.

    How many bags you really need?

    The stores will try to sell more salt bags. You can prevent extra expense if you use my tip. There is a perfect way to figure out exactly how many bags you require. It is simple math.

    For every 1000 ppm increase in salinity level, you need to add 0.5 bags of salt to 10000 liters of water. In case your pool contains 20,000 liters, you need to add one full salt bag. I have prepared a table that will help you in the calculation.

    Raising ppm by

    10000 liters

    20000 liters

    40000 liters

    60000 liters

    1000 ppm

    Half a bag

    1 salt bag

    1.9 bags

    2.9 salt bags

    2000 ppm

    1 salt bag

    2 salt bags

    3.8 salt bags

    5.8 salt bags

    3000 ppm

    1.5 salt bags

    3 salt bags

    5.8 salt bags

    8.6 salt bags

    4000 ppm

    2 salt bags

    4 salt bags

    7.7 salt bags

    11.5 salt bags

    5000 ppm

    2.4 salt bags

    5 salt bags

    9.6 salt bags

    14. 4 salt bags

    6000 ppm

    3 salt bags

    6 salt bags

    11.5 salt bags

    17.3 salt bags

    This table will make it easy for you to add the exact quantity of salt that your pool needs. As for Barry’s pool, we had to purchase around ten bags of salt. His pool holds approximately 40,000 liters of water. Honestly speaking, there was no need to buy a house with such a humongous pool.

    Adding Salt To The Pool

    Adding salt to the pool is really easy. All you need to do is tear open the salt bags, and pour the salt all over the water surface. Yes! It is that simple. Even my daughter can do that. We kind of enjoyed this task.

     Once all salt bags were emptied in the pool, it was time to turn on the pool filter. As the water circulated, it helped in dissolving the salt faster. I asked Barry to keep it on for next 24 to 35 hours.

    It was enough time for the salt to dissolve. I only helped him to start up the pool. For the rest of the chemical treatments, and following water testing, he hired a professional.

     His pool is completely ready now, and he has invited us to a pool warming party. So, I am all set to have a nice time with Barry next weekend.

    Conclusion

    Following these tips will allow any individual to attain success in a pool startup project. Set the chlorinator so that it produces just enough salt to maintain the salinity level of the pool water between 3500ppm to 7000ppm.

     Anything more or less must be corrected immediately. In case homeowners are not confident, they can hire the services of a professional.

    How To Fill A Saltwater Pool For The First Time?

    How To Fill A Saltwater Pool For The First Time?

    Choices make our lives that much more interesting. The presence of variations prevents monotony and allows us to explore other horizons. So, why is a guy who blabbers about technical aspects, suddenly talking in a philosophical tone? Well, folks! You will be happy to know that technological advancements have made several swimming pool options possible.

    No, I am not talking about the design, pattern, or the heating technique of the pools. Designs and layout do play an important role in enhancing the aesthetics. But when it comes to the water quality, you can pick among two options. You can either have a freshwater swimming pool or opt for a saltwater pool.

    Benefits of the saltwater pool

    Many people ask me whether it is good to have a saltwater pool. Well! Both fresh and saltwater pools have their pros and cons. Let me clear the air first. Taking a dip in a brackish swimming pool is nothing like swimming in the ocean. The two water types are as different as chalk and cheese.

     Fresh and saline pools require a different set of chemicals for adjusting the water quality. The saltwater pools are somewhat good for skin and offer relief to people suffering from joint pains. I often find myself taking a swim in William’s saltwater pool. He is not a royalty but desires to be treated like one. No one cares about his wishes, not even his pet dog.

    But I must admit that his lavish infinity pool turns me green with envy. He knows it and enjoys it as well. I get more relaxation in his saltwater pool than in my freshwater pool. William lives in his ancestral mansion and drains the entire pool out after every six to seven years. Fortunately for me, this year is the seventh year. You must have guessed by now that I have acquired the experience of filling a saltwater pool for the first time.

    Necessary things and the process

    Whether it is filling the pool for the first time, or refilling the pool, you will need the same tools to accomplish the task successfully. The procedure is also same. Thanks to William, I will no longer have issues in filling any pool for the first time. I reached his home early to observe the task from the beginning.​

    To fill a brine pool, you need the following things:

    • Alkalinity alteration kit
    • Hard water test strips
    • pH measuring strips
    • Clarifier
    • Sequestering agent

    Step 1 – Testing The Quality Of Salt Water

    I was sure that a rich guy like William would not draw water from the nearby fire hydrant. A huge tanker arrives in front of this mansion, and few experts attached the hose with the tanker and poured the salt water in the pool.

     As he had hired tanker service providers, there was no need to check the quality of water. But it is better to be sure about the overall chemical content of water. According to this chemical concentration, you will have to add other chemicals to adjust the pH of pool water.

    I made use of the alkalinity test kit to measure the concentration of respective chemicals.

    Step 2 – Aiming For The Perfect Water Balance

    Too acidic or too basic water will harm your skin equally. If the level of other non-chloride compounds is not monitored, then the water will become too harsh. It will irritate your eyes and mucous membrane.

    So, I pulled out my pH kit and tested a batch of the water sample. When the pool was half filled, I helped William to add anti-stain chemicals in the water. You can pick any brand as per your wish but is better to opt for the reputed companies.

    Step 3 – Addition Of The Clarifier

    When working with a briny water pool, adding the proper amount of clarifier is a must. Skipping this step can be fatal. When the pool was almost full, I added the clarifier into the water.

    The chemical takes some time to react with the other substances present in the water. It not only makes the water less hard but also assists the pool filter to strain out unwanted debris better.

    Step 4 – Adding Salt To The Water

    A saltwater pool will not be complete if you do not put some salt in it. We are not talking about table salt. You will find special salt bags in the pool maintenance stores. These are compositions, specially prepared for swimming pools.

    Now, you cannot drop in as many bags as you want. It is here that the importance of an expert comes to the forefront. In William’s case, I was the expert. The amount of salt that needs to go in depends on the water carrying capacity of the pool.

    Once we added the salt, it was time for non-chlorine shock chemicals. I added one pound of it for every 10,000 gallons.

    Step 5 – Circulating The Chemicals And Salt

    Once I poured all necessary materials in the pool, it was time to switch on the pool pump. I had very high hopes on William as he had seen a pool since his childhood.

    I figured that he did not know much about pool maintenance when he asked about the purpose of turning on the pool pump filter. Come on, dude!! Even my baby girl knows that running the water through the filter allows the chemicals to mix well.

    When that was done, I wrapped up for the night. I only returned to check the pool water once 24 hours were over.

    Step 6 – Adjusting Minor Imperfections

    While doing the final water test, I found that the pH was a little high. I was aiming to achieve anything between 7.2 to 7.8. So, I had to add some pH reducing chemicals and rechecked the water till it attained a perfect balance.

     As he had a chlorinator, I set the dial amid 1 and 3 ppm level. It will produce adequate amounts of the necessary element to maintaining optimum water quality. Before I left, I told William to keep an eye on the chlorinator.

    He was happy that his pool was ready for the summer, and I cannot wait to take a dip in this deluxe pool again.

    Conclusion

    You may not have the budget to get an infinity pool, but you can easily empty your freshwater pool, and transform it into a briny water pool. Proper upkeep will extend its longevity. For this, you need to ensure that the pool pump filter is working at its best capacity. Do clean the filter cartridges at regular intervals.

    How To Soften/Reduce Hardness In Swimming Pool Water

    How To Soften/Reduce Hardness In Swimming Pool Water

    Swimming Pool is a great place to rejuvenate with your family. I feel there can’t be any other better way to spend your weekend and vacations. 

    Lately, I observed some deposits on the pool surface and similar patches along its sides. My immediate action was to empty the pool and clean it with soap and vinegar solution. It got cleaned but the same deposits reappeared after a few weeks. 

    Then I recalled an infomercial I saw during a movie about water hardness in our area and how it can be handled by some chemical treatment. I quickly related my pool’s problem with water hardness. 

    I did some research and learned that the hard water affects the pool surface as well corrodes the plumbing of the pool. It could also end up in damaging the whole pipes and pump system if the hardness levels are extremely high. 

    The first time you see that the pool water is looking cloudy it must ring warning bells for you. Wait no more to try some random tricks for cleaning the water. Get the pool water tested for hardness level and follow the prescribed remedies. 

    Read along for a basic understanding of the problem and then proceed to spend your money on the right treatment. It must not be delayed at any cost because if you do you may end up paying a huge bill for damaged plumbing and hard to clean pool surface that can be corrected only by replacing it. 

    What are the Reasons for Water Hardness?

    Pool water can get affected by presence of elements like copper. Pool water must be treated for copper. But, scientifically speaking water hardness is related to the excessive presence of certain elements like Calcium and Magnesium in water.   It is a common problem if the PH level of water is on the higher side of alkalinity. It is basically dependent on the area you live in. 

    Accepted levels of water hardness for different pool types

    The people who have swimming pools or wish to own one must take care that pools must have water with hardness levels between 200 and 400 ppm. 

    A plaster pool is easily affected by even lower levels of water hardness so they must be filled with water with 180-220 ppm hardness.  Same is the case with vinyl pools which can accommodate 150-250 ppm hardness in water.

    How to Measure Hardness of Pool Water

    The hardness of the pool water is a very common problem and I frequently get complaints from my friends and others who trust me for the health of their pools. Well after many years of experience and different views about controlling pool hardness I am listing down the easy and cost effective methods that you can follow. 

    But before jumping on to these methods you must know about the health of your pool. The check on the hardness can be done easily with a dip test. For that, you need a hardness test kit. All you need to do is dip the test strip about 18 inches deep from the water level. If you are not too sure about the right depth then read the instructions given on the kit and do as suggested by the manufacturer. 

    Now you can take out the test strip and let it settle for a few minutes. It will take a while that the test strip to change to the exact color for reading the hardness level as indicated in the enclosed comparison indicator. Match the color of the strip to the exact color on the test strip. You need not worry if the result is anything between 200 and 400 ppm. But if you have a reading above this range then chose any method mentioned in the next segment to get back your healthy pool. 

    Methods to Reduce Hardness of Pool Water


    Replacement Method

    The first method I am describing is the simplest. All you need to do is take out some amount of hard water from your pool and replace it with the softened water to balance the hardness of remaining pool water.


    This process can be done every year to keep the pool in good shape. Using your pool’s drain equipment you have to drain out about one-third of the water.  The drained water can be diverted to your plants or kitchen garden to minimize water wastage. Once the desired quantity of hard pool water is drained you have to add the soft water. The source can be any. You can get the water from the home softening system or can hire a water supply carrier to supply treated water from other location.


    Many cities have some kind of local pool supply professional services in the areas where hard water is a critical problem. Such a supply is a very easy and convenient method of reducing the hardness of pool water since you don’t need to wait any longer. As soon as the softened water supplier takes out the hose you are ready to jump in and enjoy the splashing moments in your pool again. 

    Adding Softening Agents Available Commercially

    If you don’t have a home softening system or a softened water supply company in your region you are left with the second method of reducing the hardness of pool water. You have to buy a commercially available hardness reducer and add it to your pool water.


    Different softening agents have their own specific manufacturer instruction to be followed while using. You need to read these instructions very carefully and have to know about the pool and the level of hardness to achieve the required softness. 

    Also, make sure to use only the recommended amount of chemicals and use a clean plastic bucket to do all the mixing and stirring very carefully. Don’t add the whole solution at one spot in the pool. Instead, you have to add this solution slowly along all the edges or complete circumference of the pool.


    Now is the time to mix the water and the added solution. This needs the services of your pool pump. You have to leave your pool pump on for one complete day. At the end of one day increase the pH level of water so that it stays between 7.8 and 8.2.

     

    You can use borax or soda ash for this.  Check the hardness after a week and if it is at the desired level you have all the right to show that you have lost your patience and jump in the pool.

    How To Clean Pool Filter Cartridge? A Step By Step Guide

    How To Clean Pool Filter Cartridge

    Earlier my wife used to complain that I hardly went out during weekend or off days. Now she complains that I am never around to help her with household chores. Well! She is right. Each weekend I am at one friend’s house, or another’s, doing what I do best – fixing their pool pumps. They call me if they have an issue with the pool. Just last weekend I guided my friend to replace pool pump motor instead of replacing the whole pump.  

    I have to tend to my friends, but I try to maintain peace at home, by taking my wife out on a movie and dinner date, every alternate Sunday. Last month, your “friendly neighborhood pool man” was busy cleaning pool filter cartridges at four different locations. Can anyone be more occupied than me!

    Cleaning Pool Filter Cartridge With Bleach

    Step 1 – Pick The Right Bleach For Cleaning

    As I always say, it is better to have confidence in your skills. But a quick chat with the experts will offer small tips, which will make the task easy. I am not an expert in all matters, so, whenever I have any doubts, I rush to the supermarket. Mark and I drove to the mall to get the right bleach for the pool filters. I stood in front of the stands, wondering which one will serve my purpose best. Finally, I decided to shun my ego and asked the sale executive. With the right bleach filter cleaner in my possession, we headed back to Mark’s home.

    Step 2 – Remove Loose Dirt

    The filter mesh was dark as it has not been washed for a long time. I immediately gave mark an angry look, and he tried to handle the situation by running inside to bring two beers. It took the filters and started to tap them gently with a wooden spatula. The idea was to dislodge any loose dirt or debris.

    Step 3 – Mixing Bleach And Water

    Too much bleach can corrode the mesh, while too little bleach will not be able to dissolve dirt completely. Thus, I took a measuring cup to pour out the required amount I needed. As soon as I poured out the first cup of bleach, the strong stench drove me crazy. So, you better not make the same mistake, and take prior precautions. Once I had the adequate amount of bleach in the bucket, I added water to the potent liquid.

    Step 4 – Immersing The Filters In The Mixture

    The strong stench of the mix gave me the message that I was not to put my ungloved hands in the liquid. So, I put on a pair of gloves and immersed the filters in the bucket one by one. I made sure that the screens were not tightly packed, and had enough room for one another.

    Step 5 – Leaving It Overnight

    Once the filter cartridges were in the liquid, I covered the bucket slightly, and set it at one corner of the garage. I asked Mark to make sure that his kids don’t touch or disturb the liquid. The bleach worked on the filter cartridges and loosened the dirt.

    Step 6 – Washing Out The Dirt

    The next morning, I went back to Mark’s house. As soon as I took the lid off, the clear liquid had turned dark. It was due to the leaching out of the dirt from the filter mesh. I took out each cartridge and used a forceful hose to wash out each speck of dirt with warm water.

    Step 7 – Dry And Place The Filter Cartridges

    I placed the cartridges out in the sun to dry for few hours. In the meantime, I enjoyed a delicious spread that Mark’s wife had prepared for us. Though I don’t charge any money for fixing their pools, I get what I would otherwise not have been able to acquire – quality time with my old pals. When the filters were bone dry, I gave them a final tap and then fitted them back in the filter.

    Cleaning Pool Filter Cartridge With Muriatic Acid

    Step 1 – Arrange The Necessary Things

    It was time for me to tackle the filter cleaning task at John’s home. He has one of those giant pool pumps, which have slightly tall filters. With John’s filters, I thought of trying the acid and bleach method. So, I took a quick trip to the store and picked up a big barrel of muriatic acid, pH neutralizer, a bottle of bleach, gloves, masks, and goggles for our eyes. I had already asked John to arrange a trash bucket that is tall and big enough to hold all the filters.

    Step 2 – Primary Washing The Filters

    When we opened the pump and took out the filters, I decided to use a strong jet of water to give it a quick wash. Then we put on our masks, goggles, and gloves to avert any unwanted situations as muriatic acid is very strong. John filled the trash bucket with water, and I poured the required amount of muriatic acid. It is better to use an acid to water ration of 4:1. As soon as I finished pouring the acid into the water, I saw and smelled acid fumes.

    Step 3 – Immersing The Cartridges

    Once the fumes had subsided, we lowered each cartridge into the trash bucket. The acid water mixture takes around 10 minutes to work its magic on the dirk. Once ten minutes were over, we flipped the cartridges for another 10 minutes.

    Step 4 – The Final Wash

    After 20 minutes were over, we brought out the cartridges, poured some pH neutralizer on them, and gave each a nice wash with warm water. The water jet was powerful, and we were able to clean the cartridges easily.

    Step 5 – Fit The Dry Cartridges

    The cartridges were left out in the sun for few hours, and the heat dried them. Then we placed these back in the pool filter and gave it a test run to see whether it was working or not. With each success under my belt, I was taking a step closer to perfection.

    Cleaning Pool Filter Cartridge With Solution

    Step 1 – Pick The Right Filter Cleaner

    There are several kinds of pool pumps, and each has a different filter type. Jerry had installed a pump with sand filters. I had an idea that these filters are huge, and cannot be detached. So, I decided to use a filter cleaner for Jerry’s machine. My experience tells that it is the easiest way to clean pool filter cartridges.

    Step 2 – Getting Rid Of Water By Backwashing

    Before we started the treatment process, I switched on the backwash mode of the pool pump to drain out every drop of water, contained in the filter. As the water drained out, we saw the dirty water flowing out. I tried to put a leash on my anger, yet could not stop myself from asking Jerry when was the last time he had his filter cartridges cleaned. As expected, he failed to give a decent reply.

    Step 3 – Prepare For Treatment Procedure

    After this, I asked Jerry to pour the entire bottle of the filter cleaner into the pump basket. Once he emptied the bottle, he put the lid on like an obedient student and kept staring at me. I felt like laughing but somehow prevented it. Then I turned the filter back on “filter mode” and switched it on so that the cleaning liquid can enter the actual filter compartment.

    Step 4 – Give It Time To Work

    Once the liquid was sucked it, I turned the knob to set the pump in backwash mode. Then I switched it off completely. The liquid required around one hour to dissolve the dirt. I left it for a few minutes more. Once the time was up, I turned it on and activated the backwash mode. Dark foam and froth gushed out of the pipe, proving that we had achieved our aim.

    Step 5 – A Final Rise Is All It Needed

    Once the backwash was done, I turned on the rinse mode for two minutes to clean the pipes as well. The final step was to switch the machine on to the filter mode once more to put things in place.

    Cleaning Pool Filter Cartridge With Vinegar

    Step 1 – White Vinegar For Filter Cartridge

    Lastly, it was time I helped Pip with his pool. Pip had already told me that his pool water has a high level of calcium in it. It meant that his pool filter cartridge must have a high percentage of calcium build up as well. So, I picked up two tubs of white vinegar for the treatment. He had a pump that was similar to Mark’s. So, I knew I could easily detach and re-attach the parts.

    Step 2 – Immersing The Cartridges In Vinegar

    Pip knew that I was a very strict taskmaster, and he was also aware of the fact that he had not taken care of his pool, or the pool pump filter. To get into my good books, he had already dismantled the pump and removed the oil from the filter cartridges with a degreaser. So, when I reach his place, all I had to do was pour the white vinegar in a bucket, and immerse the filter cartridges in it.

    Step 3 – Completion Of The Treatment

    The wither vinegar took around 24 hours to dissolve the dense calcium deposits and dirt from the cartridges. So, I returned after a day to a bucket full of dark brown liquid. It was a sign that the trick had worked.

    Step 4 – Final Rinse With Hot Water

    Once the filter cartridges were out of the dirty fluid, it was time to hose out the remaining filth with a strong jet of hot water. I must say, Pip knew more than any of my other friends. I stood with a drink in my hands, while he did most of the cleaning. Once the cartridges were dry, we put them in place and turned on the pump filter.

    I can sense that I am good at this poop pump related matters. Each project gave me the opportunity to learn something new. Each filter cartridge cleaning process is different from the other. Every method made me wiser. I came to know about the loopholes and ways to get the upper hand over them.

    Replace Pool Pump Motor or Whole Pump Itself – Find Out

    Replace Pool Pump Motor or Whole Pump

    Sometimes I wish my grandpa was here to see that his dear grandson had managed to make a new identity for himself, even without a degree in electrical engineering. I must admit that whatever I know about wires, circuits, and repairing gadgets would not have been possible without his help.

    My grandfather was a competent electrical expert, and deep down, he wanted me to follow his footsteps. But he never forced his decision on me or either of his grand children for that matter. So, when I told him that finance is what I want to have my career in, he encouraged me in every possible manner.

    I still remember the days when I used to visit my grandparents’ home during summer and winter vacations. We had only two tasks. The first was to eat amazing dishes that my grandma used to cook, and the second was to watch my grandpa with his tools, working in his workshop and doing all the small and big chores of his home.

    It was here that I held a screwdriver for the first time. Of the two brothers, I had an extreme interest in these things. So, my grand old man was too happy to take me in as an apprentice. It was his training that increased my interest in these matters. I had no idea that his teaching will come in handy after so many years.

    Replace or purchase: Which is a better option

    Here, I will not talk about any repair work that I had accomplished in the recent times. I will share my thoughts and experience with pool pumps and its motors, which, if not maintained properly, can give you a sleepless night. Not to forget that their repair will burn a hole in your pocket. As I am not a certified expert, I have learned from my personal experience. Last week I went to visit my in-laws home. They too have a pool, and as a normal pool owning family, they too were having problems with it. I teased my wife by saying that her parents invited me so that they can save the cost of repair specialist.

    The First Look Says It All

    As soon as I looked at the pool pump, I was sure that my father-in-law takes good care of the pump, at least the exterior parts. I guess the older generation understands that if you maintain a machine, it will give better results. We have a thing or two to learn from them. Last time we built a pump shed and it was just new, and the outer surface was dirt free. There were no signs of any damage.

    Enquire About The Age Of The Pump

    It is an essential factor that will play a pivotal role in deciding whether to change only the motor or to opt for a new pool pump. If the age of the pool pump is more than ten years, then the chances are high that you need to replace the entire pump set, provided all the parts have issues. If the pump is relatively new, but still it does not run smoothly or does not filter water well, then it is time to consider replacing the motor.

    Finding The Right Parts

    Each pool pump has different motors and parts. With the advent of new pool pumps, some older models are no longer manufactured. According to me, if the pool pump motor you require is not available in the market, then it is better to change the entire pump. If you fail to get the motor from the spare part market, then the chances are high that the other parts are also not available. Search the regular stores and online portals before taking the final decision.


    The pool pump that my in-laws have is only six years old. Still, it was creating a lot of noise. The filter was also not doing its job a well. I asked my father-in-law about the last time he cleaned his pool pump filters. Thanks to my experience with pool filters, I was able to fix the filter issues in a jiffy. It meant that once I fixed the motor, the pump will be as good as new.

    Analyzing the cost of repairs

    If you ask me, you should only consider replacing the pump motor or any other part if the entire replacement cost will be less than 75% of the total price of the pump. I will never repair my pump if the restoration costs are too high. I can use the money to install a new pump. So, I took a quick look at the motor model and searched the online stores. The price was well within $800.

    My mother-in-law had already slipped in the message that she was only ready to shell out $800 on the motor. I had a fair idea about the repairman they had in mind. Frankly speaking, I want to lead a peaceful life. If I had declined to offer my assistance, my wife would have driven me out of my own home. I believe in the saying “happy wife…happy life!”

    All these points will assist you to make the final decision – whether it is better to replace the motor or to get a new pool pump. It primarily depends on the problem. If a quick motor replacement fixes the issue, then you need not worry about installing a new pool pump. But if the pool pump requires a number of changes, then it is better to contact a specialist who can install a new machine.

    If you do not have any issues with screwdrivers, wires, and do not mind putting in some elbow grease, then you can do it yourself. Just read some step by step guides online or follow the handbook that comes with the pool pump. If you still have any doubts, you can get in touch with your “friendly neighborhood pool man.” I don’t mind dropping by for a few minutes. LOL!!

    Sand Replacement In Pool Pump Filter

    Last month, my younger brother invited my entire family to spend the weekend in his beautiful house. My kids just finished their examinations a few days back, and so, we happily accepted the invitation. It was long since we siblings spent some time together and it was just the right time and opportunity.

    It was fun to catch up. After some long awaited chatting and gossiping, we went to bed. I don’t remember the exact time, but I woke up when my brother started banging on my door. When I came out, he told me that the pump pool was not working.

    That was an issue as he has invited us for the weekend for a barbeque and pool party. His face was pale as he did not know what to do. Thankfully this revered “pool pump expert” was there at his service. 

    Frequency of changing filter sand

    As soon as I took a look at the pool water, I knew that his pump was fine. I asked him when he last changed his pump filter sand. His look answered everything. He later told me that he had no idea that one needs to change the sand. Wait! Even you don’t know that? I hope you read this article before you face a similar situation. 

    An average pool pump filter keeps the water clean from dirt. The water passes through the sand, and all the dirt gets trapped. One needs to change this sand after every 3 to 4 years. If you fail to do this, the already saturated sand will no longer be able to filter the water. 

    I recently moved into my new home and installed a new pump. So, when my brother asked me to help him with changing the filter sand, I got an opportunity to learn the tricks to accomplish the task. 

    Steps to Replace Sand in the Pool Pump Filter

    We followed these steps to resolve the issue in hand. You can also try.

    Step 1 – Remove The Old Sand

    Firstly, we opened the pool pump cover to see the actual pump body. Then my brother unscrewed the filter compartment. It is common for the filter sand to contain bacteria, along with other kinds of dirt. To minimize the chances of infection, we used a small shovel to scoop out the sand. I soon realized that it would take much time. My brother brought out his trusted shop vacuum to suck up even the last speck of sand.

    Step 2 – Pour Water Into The Filter Tank

    Before we put the new batch of sand in the filter, I told my brother to pour some water in the tank. When I was consulting the manual, I learned that pouring some water helps to lessen the impact of dropping sand. Pouring in sand directly may damage the filter base.

    Step 3 – Pick The Right Sand Quality

    Some online consultation also told me that a lot depends on the selection of sand. #20 silica sand is one that manufacturers make for pool pump filters. The size of each grain is 40-50mm in its diameter. My brother has no idea about the type sand that goes in the pumps. If it were not for me, he would have picked the wrong sand, and destroyed the pool.

    Step 4 – Pour The Sand In The Filter

    Each pool pump filter is different, and each requires a certain amount of sand for optimum functioning. I measured the amount of sand before filling the filter, as I did not want to take any chances. If the amount of sand is less or more, then it can interfere with the filters’ operations, or damage it.

    Step 5 – Close The Sand Pipe

    We used wide tapes to close the opening of the sand pipe. It is mandatory to prevent any sand grains from getting into this pipe.  Taping the opening of this pipe helped in this. I knew that one should keep the pipe at the center. But it was not possible for me to do so alone. So, I asked my brother to hold the pipe, while I poured the sand around it. Any shift in the position of this pipe will hinder the process of putting the valve on.

    Step 6 – Put On The Filter Cover

    After the filter was full, I asked my brother to bring the filter head to put it in place. I took care to turn it slowly so that it does not become too tight. If you make it too snug, then there are chances that the body of the filter will crack.

    Step 7 – Backwash The Pool Pump Filter

    Once everything was in place, I asked my brother to turn on the power. But that was to backwash the filter. For this, we made sure that the pool had more water than its usual capacity. Then my brother started the backwash and let it run for around 5 minutes. Once the process was over, I asked him to start the rinse cycle for 60 seconds. Then the pool pump filter was ready for the actual process.

    Cost Of Changing The Filter Sand

    Apart from purchasing the pool pump filter sand, you will have to shell out around $100 to $200 for hiring an expert who would replace the sand in your pump filter. Before I rolled up my sleeves and stated work on the sand replacement, my brother has already called the specialists.

    As soon as he heard the labor cost, he was in dilemma about spending so much in such an emergency. Thanks to my presence of mind, and acquired skills, my miserable kid brother was able to save a significant amount. But most importantly, I was able to save his face in front of his buddies coming over the next week.

    For my services, he paid me with a tight hug, a big thanks, and extra bottle of my favorite beer. After all, that is what family does right?! They look out for each other.

    How To Get Copper Out Of Pool Water?

    By now, you must know that I have acquired tons of experience with the pool and pool pumps. Thanks to the frequent common problems with my pool to enhance my learning curve regarding DIY on swimming pools.

    According to my wife, I need not worry about getting fired from office, as I already have a lucrative alternative. I did not give it much thought in the beginning. But later, I realized that she has a point. All my neighbors consult me if they have pool or pool pump related issues.

    Remember how I fixed my brother’s pump filter?  Well, it seems that he was too eager to tell the story to his buddies. Even they started calling me up to discuss their problems. They refer to me as “friendly neighborhood pool man.” Even I am shocked to discover that I had it within me.

    I think I need to charge them for my services from now on. What do you think? I will definitely not charge anything from you. Today, I will discuss the issue of copper in pool water and reducing it.

    Having a pool is the easy part. Now that I have one, I realize why some of my buddies advised me to purchase a house without one. A home without a pool would have saved a few thousand bucks. But that was the secondary matter. Now I understand that you need to invest time, and elbow-grease to keep the pool and the pump in top shape.

    It was a pleasant spring day when I was chatting with my wife when my son walked in. There was a strange greenish tint in his hair. Both my wife and I started to laugh. I thought his friends played a prank on him and poured color on his head. But he said that was not the case.

    My wife told me that he went to the neighbor’s place for a pool party. Immediately I understood that it was no color, but something far serious. I called my neighbor and went to his place.

    How does copper get into pool water?

    As soon as I went near my neighbor’s pool, I was sure that the level of copper was way higher than normal. I also saw copper staining on the walls and the bottom surface of the pool. My neighbor did not have any idea about copper level in pool water. He thought whether it was dirt or something that was wrong with the filter. I was quick to point it that it was neither.

    The pH level of pool water was high, and this caused copper saturation. Due to the presence of high copper content, the water was also dull and cloudy. As expected, the question was thrown at me “will you help me out of this mess bro?” I got yet another opportunity to display my pool fixing skills.

    Step 1 – Test The Water For Copper And PH

    Before starting the actual process, it was necessary to do some tests on the pool water. No need to raise your eyebrows! These are simple tests, and the kits are easily available in the market. I collected a small water sample it tested positive for copper concentration. An ideal pH must be between 7.2 and 7.3.

    Step 2 – Correct The PH Balance Of The Water

    The pH reading of my neighbor’s pool water was above 7.8. So, it was time to fix the pH level. With some online search and a quick consultation with the experts, I came to know that muriatic acid was the best solution for this. As the water alkalinity was so high, I used 1.5 ounces of the acid for 1,000 gallons water. In case the pH is between 7.6 and 7.8, 1.25 ounces per 100o gallons will be enough.


    On the flip side, soda ash can also come in handy to decrease the acidity of the pool water. 0.75 ounces of soda ash in 1000 gallons will work if the pH is between 7.0 and 7.2. If lower than that, then using 1.25 ounces will be useful.

    Step 3 – Checking The Pool Water Heater

    Sometimes the copper leaching may be due to the water heater. But as I checked the heater, I was convinced that it was not the cause of the issue.

    Step 4 – Backwashing The Water

    Once the pH level was restored, I turned on the filter to backwash the water in the pool. After around 5 minutes, I turned it off and allowed it to rise for 40 to 60 seconds. I must confess that I did falter at some steps, but thanks to the ignorance of my neighbor; he was unable to realize it.

    Step 5 – Adding Pool Magnet

    As the name suggests, it has the power to attract all copper particles towards itself. I added the pool magnet as waited for the prescribed time. The best thing about the pool magnet is, you need not change it each week. An application will keep you sorted for a month or so. I added pool magnet as it allowed the copper to get trapped in the pool filter.

    Step 6 – Adding The Filter Aid

    After around an hour, I poured Kwik as per requirement. It is a common pump filter aid. Its addition will form a layer on the filter sand. It will, in turn, assist in trapping the copper particles effectively.

    Step 7 – Removing The Copper From The Filter

    The filter aid requires one full day to work its magic. So, I returned the next day and turned on the pump’s backwash function. Once it was done, it cleared the metal from the filter. Backwashing for 40 minutes was enough, and it required sensing the time of 40 seconds.

    Step 8 – Testing Water Sample

    After this, I used the home kit to test the copper level in water once again. My neighbor was surprised to see that the treatment method was successful in the first attempt. The copper level dropped below 1ppm, and the water was also crystal clear as it should have been.

    Finally

    When my neighbor talked about my successful attempt, many were not sure how I managed to lower the copper level in the very first attempt. I did not take any extra credit and said that it was only possible as the copper concentration was not too high, to begin with. So, there I was, basking in glory, at another successful pool repair project.

     

    How To Build A Pool Pump Shed?

    Frankly speaking, I had no idea what a pool pump shed was. As a young boy, I had the luxury of jumping into the crystal clear water of the river, with my gang that flowed near my house. I grew up in the serene countryside. It was only when I moved to the fringes of the city that I realized that space was such a big concern.

    I moved in with my family in one of those areas where the main street is lined with similar looking homes. Each came with a small pool at the back, but there was no pool pump. My realtor told me that I had to get it installed on my own, which I did. But the plumber refused to build a shed for the pump. So, I rolled up my sleeves and took the task into my own hands.

    Thanks to my countryside upbringing, I was rather good with wooden planks, hammer, nails and measuring tapes. Trust me, pals! If I can do it, you can do it too! Here, I will explain the steps in a simple format. Follow them, and you will discover that you too have this hidden talent in you.

    Important tools that you will require

    You can make the pool pump from natural timber or any artificial material that is readily available in the market. These sheds are mainly located outside the house. Some place it in the garage, but personally, I think it takes up too much area that could be utilized otherwise. Mine is tucked neatly behind the bushes.

    It is a ludicrous idea to expose the pump to natural elements. Thus, before you start the task, make sure that you have these tools at your disposal- natural or artificial ply, hammer, measuring tape, paint and brush, nails, sealer, and a saw.

    Step 1 – Perfect Measurements For The Flawless Shed

    I did not take the trouble of cutting the ply on my own. Sawing wood takes me back several years when I had a rather nasty experience with this sharp object called saw. Plus, asking the plank dealer to do it for me makes the task quicker. So, I took my measuring tape and noted down the exact length, height and width of the machine. I asked the dealer to leave the ply around 5 inches bigger. That will provide some room into the shed. 

    Step 2 – Mark And Paint The Planks

    Once I got the ply, cut to perfection, and delivered to my doorsteps, I marked them accordingly. I had an impression of the shed in mind, and so, it did not take me long to figure out the way each plank was to be placed. As my planks were bare, I used a basic waterproof paint and evenly coated each ply. It enhances the look as well as the durability of the shed.

    Step 3 – Construct The Frame Of Pump Cover

    When the paint dried, I started work on the structure of the cover. The erection of the frame is rather easy. I made the hollow shell with 12 narrow planks, to meet the length, width and height measurements. To fix the joints, I used nails and bugle screws. In front, I attached a hinge as I wanted to make a door for this shed. After completing the box frame, I made a structure to cover the top part of the shed. I picked a hut style roof, but you can keep it simple as well.

    Step 4 – Covering The Shed

    Though I had some knowledge of carpentry, once I embarked on the self-made pool pump cover, I realized that expert guidance was needed to tackle some issues. While I fitted the broader planks on the framework, I saw that the planks were not fitting correctly. After consulting with a professional carpenter, I learned that it can be done by trimming and rounding off the edges. I placed the planks one after another and secured them with nails. I used long nails so that it can penetrate the frame as well as the plants. You can use a wood sealer if you wish. Once all the planks were in place, the shed was almost complete.

    Step 5 – Allow Passage Of Heat

    When the pool pumps run, its motor causes enough heat. It is mandatory to allow vents, through which the heat will pass. For this, I cut a small square hole at the back, exactly where the motor will be aligned. I was feeling a bit a lazy, and that is why I bought a readymade vent cover. The gaps allowed heat to escape while keeping out leaves, twigs, rain, and snow.

    Step 6 – Adding The Door

    Remember the hinge joint that I added to the front portion of the door? By now you must have realized that my pool pump shed has a traditional style door with a knob. To make the door functional, I attached one of its sides to the hinge and secured it with smaller nails. The nail drill was very handy. My brother has a slide-up door. If you have any better options, feel free to try them out. The main reason behind this door is if the need arises, the mechanic can take a look at the pump, or take it out as well.

    Step 7 – Attaching The Roof

    Asbestos is a popular choice when it comes to making small shed roofs. They are bad conductors of heat, durable and repel water. As I had invested in the new home recently, I choose to give it a miss. Instead, I used the ply as the roofing material. When I attached the roof on the box, the pump cover looked like a small hut. 

    My Experience

    I took the help of my friend to place it on the pump. My youngest daughter was rather pleased to see a separate hut for the pool pump. In fact, she was so impressed that she asked me to make a dollhouse for her. I am currently working on this super-important project. Once I finish it, I will tell you how you can bring a smile on your princess’s face with a dollhouse.

    How To Soundproof Outdoor Pool Pump?

    Soundproof Outdoor Pool Pump

    Now days I hardly come across a middle-class home that does not have a pool in the backyard. People, who cannot afford a constructed pool, purchase the portable pools, which are easy to assemble. My last home did not have a pool. So, my kids used to roam around in the house with long faces during the summers.

    I was in no mood to spend a good amount of bucks on purchasing a portable pool. I knew that we are not going to stay in the small house for long, but still, I wanted to fulfill the most cherished dream of my kids. I still remember the joyous expression on my kids’ faces when they saw the beautiful pool. Even my pet Labrador did not wait a moment more and jumped into it.

    Having a pool is the easy part. It is the maintenance of the pool that creates issues. When you have a pool, you need a pool pump to fill in and drain out water. It was this pump that made my life a living hell. When I turned on the pump, I was happy to see that water was gushing into the pool. But the irritating sound it made was too much to tolerate.

    At first, I did not do anything about it, but when my neighbors started complaining, I had to take a decision about handling this problem. The best way to eliminate noise from pool pumps is by insulating and soundproofing the pump shed.

    Kind of Pool Pump Noise you may face

    Before I tell you how to I reduced pool pump noise, you need to know about a thing, or two about the nature of noise pool pumps produce.

    • The first is the operational noise. It is produced when the motor of the pump is switched on. There is not much that you can do to prevent it. However, pool pump manufacturing companies have several models, which come with noise-cancellation gear, built in the pump.
    • The second noise that causes irritation is the humming vibration sound. The pump needs to be placed on some surface. As soon as you place the pump on the ground, and switch it on, it will create vibration in addition to its operational noise. It gives rise to this annoying purring noise. 

    Steps to soundproof outdoor pool pump

    This is how I took up the task to eliminate this problem once and for all.

    Step 1 – Acquiring the necessary materials

    The material list required for this task depends on the type of pool pump you own. Mine is an ordinary pool pump, and it has a cover that I made myself. I purchased a few silicon mats, acoustic foam padding, nails, and fast fix glue from Amazon. My pool pump is rather large in shape. Thus, I decided to strike off rubber suction footers. If you have a small pump, you can use these footers.

    Step 2 – Placing the silicone mats

    When you place the pump on the floor and turn the power on, it will vibrate. This vibration causes the noise. If the pump is placed within an enclosed box, without any insulation, the sound will be multiplied. As I was unaware of this issue and had already installed the cover, I had to take it off, part by part. 

    Once I removed it, I placed three silicon pads under the pump. These pads helped in absorbing a significant amount of vibration, thereby reducing the noise. But it did not solve the problem completely. You must choose silicon pads in several sizes.

    Step 3 – Attaching foam inside the cover

    I bought acoustic foam to line the inner surface of the pump cover. The foam lining I purchased was comparatively thick. Thus, one layer of insulation was enough to cut out the noise. If you purchase thin insulation foam, then you must place two or three layers, one on top of the other. To fix several layers, you can use super fix glue. I used thick foam pads and fixed these on the inner surface of pump shed with super glue.

    Step 4 – Assemble the shed again

    Once I lined all sides with the thick foam insulation pads, I assembled it again. Before that, I ensured that the glue should not come off due to the heat. So, I drilled nails to fix the pads permanently. I made sure to cut out a section of the insulating foam, to allow unhindered air flow. Without this, the inner part of the box would become excessively hot when a pump is operating.

    Installing expensive soundproof boxes/Covers

    If you are not in a mood to put in hard labor and have enough money to spare, then opting for metal soundproof boxes, which are readily available in the market is a timesaving idea. Though these are made of metal, they are so well insulated from within that you will not hear any vibration. 

    I realized that it is not wise to spend so much, when I can get the same results, for a fraction of its cost. It took me only two weekends to get everything done.

    Finally..

    I was 100% sure that my soundproofing workaround would work. When I switched on the motor, I had my fingers crossed. To my and everyone else’s delight, the previously intolerable noises were totally muffled. Then I took around 20 steps away from the pump shed, the sound was almost inaudible. 

    I no longer get complaints from my neighbors and we spend weekends together around the pool. More than socializing, I get a lot of appreciation for my handiwork with pump shed soundproofing.

    How To Get Air Out Of Sand Filter

    How To Get Air Out Of Sand Filter

    I love swimming! And I will be really surprised if someone says that he doesn’t. I eagerly wait for the weekends when I could rinse away the week’s stress and strain of meeting the deadlines with a splash in my pool. My adorable five years old doll is a great company in the pool.

    All was going well till last Sunday when I saw that the pool water is looking a bit cloudy. I thought the dusty winds are the culprit.

    I started the sand filter and waited for the water to clear. But it was same after the two hour long process. So I decided to check the sand pump which I installed two years back. I immediately realized that the air in my sand filter is the reason.

    So next few hours went away in locating the manual of sand filter and understand how to overcome this issue. I went ahead with the suggestions given, but it took me one whole day to crack the problem and get my sparkling pool back.

    Of course, I couldn’t enjoy the weekend the way I expected but the next weekend was merrier than ever. I was proud of myself for DIY experience with my sand filter. I would love to share my experience with all of you.

    Why does air get into the sand filter?

    After this episode, I can say that the ignorance and overlooking minor issues can lead to a major problem with your sand filter. Here are some of the reasons that air will enter and stay in the filter.

    • Inappropriate Water Level is one of the most common reasons for this problem. The problem occurs when the water level is very low and the skimmer gulps air along with water. Ensure that water level is maintained above half of the skimmer opening.
    • Gap or Crack in the area around Pump lid can also be a reason for air in the sand filter pump.  You must check the pump lid and the section of the pump just below lid for any cracks or openings.  An overstretched o-ring (due to heating or overuse) can be a reason behind the air entering the filter.
    • Loose Plumbing is also counted as another common reason for the excessive air in the sand filter.
    • Cracks in Skimmer can appear as time passes. This happens when the floor or surface above the skimmer settles with time and produces some gaps that may put pressure on the skimmer and it gets cracked.

    7 Steps to get air out of Sand Filter

    Now that you are aware of the reasons for the entry of air into your sand filter, you are ready to handle this problem on your own. All you need is a jar of petroleum jelly and that’s it. Follow these steps

    Step 1

    Turn off the power supply of your sand filter. As another level of safety pull out the power plug so that you are safe from any accidental electric shock.

    Step 2

    Next, you have to open the air relief valve. It is located on the top of the sand filter canister and you have to rotate it anticlockwise to open it. After this, you have to open the skimmer valves. After opening the skimmer valves, open the main drain valve and leave it like that for the next step.

    Step 3

    Now you are ready to check the condition of the pool strainer. Unfasten the pool pump strainer box cover. For this, you have to open the two knobs present diagonally to each other. Clean the pump strainer basket properly to remove all the collected debris. The pump basket present in the strainer must not be empty. If it is empty then using a bucket or a water hose you must fill the strainer with water.

    Step 4

    Once you fill the strainer with water, complete the inspection of these components for any cracks or cuts. If its gasket is cracked and hugely damaged you must replace it.  But if the cracks are minor apply the petroleum jelly on the gasket, place it back on the strainer with care so that no gaps are there. Close the strainer with strainer lid and secure the knobs by applying tigtly with your hands.

    Step 5

    Next, you have to focus on the diverter valve. It must be set to the pool return setting or to filter setting if your sand filter has a multiport system. When you do this the water will start filling up the pool. This is an important step because if you don’t open the pool return valve, you have the chances of increasing in water pressure when the sand filter starts operating. This strain may damage the pumping system beyond repair. In that case, you have to spend your money on getting a new pump.

    Step 6

    You have done everything to remove air from the sand filter. Now plug in the power cord and switch on the filter. Carefully and slowly release the skimmer valve and observe the rising bubbles. As you have plugged all cracks or opening the discharging bubbles indicate that the air is removed from the filter into the pool.

    Step 7

    In the last stage of this process check that the air relief valve present on the top of the filter canister releases air with a sound while the water is being filled in the filter system. When the relief valve allows water to move out you have to close this valve by rotating it clockwise. Now you can start the pool heating system.

    Final Words

    Here I have listed down all the steps I followed to remove air from my sand filter. My experience tells me that you will also get all the needed help from this article If you want to give it a try before fetching help of a professional.

    Do mention your experience in the comments box. If you have faced this problem and have solved it then I would love to learn a different solution. I would love to try this next time it happens. 

    I hope that never happens again! God Bless.

    How To Raise Chlorine Level In Pool?

    Raise Chlorine Level

    Are you serious about pool sanitization? Do you really want to raise chlorine levels in your pool? Fine, then you must have known its importance.

    Anyways, let’s discuss in brief why chlorine is important:

    1. Chlorine sanitizes your pool.
    2. Both, sunlight and debris contribute to the reduction of chlorine level in your pool.
    3. If you are adding chlorine, it sanitizes and oxidizes the water, resisting contamination process.
    4. With contamination, your pool gets near to unsafe zone due to the growth of algae, bacteria and other microorganisms.
    5. The water turns murky and pH balance will be disturbed.
    6. Reversing back to better state can be extremely costly.
    7. If you ignore at the starting stage, then you must be prepared to burn a hole in your pocket.
    8. The more the water contaminates, the more it is difficult to reverse the situation.

    So, you must have now understood that you should be adding chlorine to your pool at a constant rate as the usable chlorine levels in your pool will be continuously decreasing. So just relax and read to know how to raise chlorine level in pool.

    How much chlorine to add?

    On an average, for residential pools, you need to maintain a level of 2 to 3 parts per million (ppm) of chlorine in your pool. If you have a commercial pool then, you need to add 3 to 5 ppm of chlorine as the pool usage will be more. If you do not follow the ideal levels, then your pool may not be sanitized and might get into unsafe zone.

    Don’t overthink and too much chlorine because, if the chlorine level is between 3 to 8 ppm, swimmer finds it extremely difficult. However, up to 5 ppm is acceptable and if the range crosses 8 ppm, then you should forget swimming!

    How to raise chlorine level?

    Before you start adding chlorine to your pool, you should first know the existing chlorine levels in your pool. Based on the existing level, you must calculate how much chlorine to add. You can decide if you just need slight adjustment or need to shock the pool in case if you have combined chlorine in your pool.

    Using chlorinator or chlorine feeder or chlorine floater

    1. Some people add chlorine directly to the skimmer. If you have bought chlorine specifically designed to add to skimmer then its fine. But, if that is not the case, then you should immediately stop this habit as the chlorine will directly travel to your pool equipment and lower pH levels.
    2. Moreover, the water that passes through pool equipment will make it corrosive and damages over time.
    3. Corrosion adds unnecessary metals like copper into your pool. So, now that you know how dangerous it is use skimmer to add chlorine, you should instead prefer chlorinator or chlorine feeder or chlorine floater.

    Different ways of raising chlorine levels

    Let’s discuss about different ways of adding chlorine to the pool. Each method has its own benefits and disadvantages. Whichever method benefits you the most, you can go for it.

    Raising Chlorine levels with Trichlor tablets, sticks, or granules

    If you are using an outdoor chlorinated pool then, Trichlor can be a better choice. Trichlor or Trichloroisocyanuric Acid is the most commonly used chlorine additive by many pool owners.

    pros:

    1. It takes time to dissolve when it is in contact with water. This makes it a better idea to use feeders, floaters or chlorinators.
    2. Trichlor is available in different forms like granules, sticks or tablets.
    3. The cost is comparatively lower than other types of stabilized chlorine.

    cons:

    1. Trichlor is highly concentrated. Even a slight exposure can burn your skin and mucous membranes. So, be careful to stand upwind and see that you do not breathe in fumes while working with it.
    2. Trichlor is highly acidic and has a pH value between 2.8 to 3.5. This will in turn pressurize your pool pH, thus lowering your pool’s total alkalinity.
    3. Low alkalinity will result in corrosive damage and the direct victims to it can be   and pool equipment. Hence, you need to again work on adjusting pH levels for your pool.
    4. You may need to fix the side effects due to lower total alkalinity in your pool by adding soda ash.
    5. Due to continuously adding Trichlor, cyanuric acid levels of your pool water can increase drastically.

    Raising Chlorine levels with dichlor granules

    If you are using an indoor chlorinated pool then, dichlor can be a better choice. Dichlor or Sodium dichloroisocyanurate is the most commonly used chlorine additive by many spa and above ground pool owners.

    pros:

    1. dichlor dissolves faster when gets in contact with water. Best in situations where you are looking for a quick dose of chlorine before you start getting into the pool.
    2. pH will be affected slightly to about 6.7. Hence, dichlor is better option especially in spa pools where pH is difficult to control.
    3. Total alkalinity is not affected.

    cons:

    1. It is comparatively expensive than trichlor.
    2. If you are planning to use feeders, floaters or chlorinators then dichlor will be bad choice as it dissolves too fast.

    Raising chlorine levels by shock treatment

    Chlorine based shock can give your quick results. You have two options to choose when it comes to pool shocking – chlorine based shock and non-chlorine based shock.

    Chlorine based shock is generally preferred if you are specific about intentionally raising chlorine levels in your pool. The key ingredient used for this type of shock is calciumhypochlorite.

    You can shock your pool only when the chlorine levels are raised to above 10 ppm. You can calculate the amount of chlorine to add to the pool by considering the volume of water and the present chlorine levels in the pool.

    Follow the instructions mentioned on the shock container and leave it uncovered for some time as you need to let the oxidation gases to escape into air. Avoid chlorine based shock in sunlight as the chlorine levels will be depleted fast during the shock treatment.

    Chlorine Categories

    Generally, you will get two categories of chlorine in market – stabilized and non-stabilized. The type that is added to pools is the stabilized one. This type of chlorine has cyanuric acid added to it and hence when it is added a sunlit pool, it will stay stabilized. Hence, you should prefer it for outdoor pools and is 3 to 5 times stable when compared to the results you get by adding non-stabilized chlorine. If you are using non-stabilized chlorine, you should cyanuric acid separately to it.

    If you want to perform chlorine based shock to your pool then, you must be using non-stabilized chlorine as the stabilized chlorine may result in increased cyanuric acid levels in the pool waters.

    Tips to raise chlorine level in your pool

    1. Always stick to single variety of chlorine or else you may end up in mixing different products which can make it difficult to preserve chlorine balance in your pool.
    2. When expiry date approaches, chlorine may lose its effectiveness. So think twice before you use regular retail liquid bleach.
    3. If you have already been using specific chlorine brand without any issues, you may continue the same. However, if you are planning to switch to a different brand, ensure that you test it with some of the portions of the pool waters. This way, you will come to know how much you should add to the remaining portions to avoid excess chlorine levels.
    4. If you have tested and found that cyanuric acid levels have drastically increased then, drain a part of the pool and replace it with fresh water. This will reduce the concentration levels of the acid.

    Other Important Articles

    Choose chlorine variation that best suits you

    It is essential to know how to raise chlorine level in pool. You should maintain proper sanitation for a harmless swimming environment. You should seriously understand how chlorine works to improve sanitation for a pool and how much quantity you should add. You must be aware of different devices used for adding chlorine and also about different variations of chlorine.

    If your pool is regularly chlorine-balanced, then you can enjoy safe and sanitised swimming environment, minimum contamination, and above all - minimum maintenance costs on adding chemicals and testing.

    How To Find Leaks In Pool Liners?

    Pool Liners

    Have you ever wondered why water levels decrease in pools in spite of taking every possible safety measures? Water requires no big tunnel to drain; even a small hole is enough to leak.

    Though you may think that since water can leak through holes and it is easy to identify the leak spot by looking at the wet area, the condition is not always the same. When it comes to pools, this is not an easy task at all.

    Especially, if the leakage is in the liners, then you will sometimes end up in never identifying the leakage spot. So, how to find leaks in pool liners and how do you repair it? The answer is:

    1. Confirm that there is a leak
    2. Detect the leak.
    3. If it is doubted to reside in the pool liner, then confirm the same.
    4. Check inch by inch in a methodical manner till you find it.
    5. Repair it.
    6. If you are unsuccessful in locating it, replace the liner.

    As we move forward, let’s discuss about each of it in detail.

    What causes a pool liner to leak?

    A pool liner can leak due to a number of reasons. A simple tear in the liner can cause your pool to leak. Other common reasons can be holes and punctures to the pool liner.

    If it ages beyond 5 years, then you may not expect efficient results and its time that you replace it once it starts troubling you.

    How difficult is it to find a leakage spot?

    Fixing a leak is very easy. Finding it is very difficult. Inspecting for the spot is a great job that requires lot of patience. It takes lot of time and sometimes, you might end up with not detecting even a single leak.

    Leaks can be anywhere in the pool and of any size. The biggest problem is when the leakage spot resides in the pool liner.

    You may find by following some methodical techniques and find out if the leakage spot is in the equipment or surface or walls of the pool. But, if the leakage is in the pool liners then, you will be the luckiest to have found the leakage spot.

    Again, if you found one, that doesn’t mean that, you have successfully completed your work. You may have unfound leakage spots. This means, you can never confirm that there is no leakage existing in the pool liner.

    Confirm that there is a leak

    Before you start searching for a leak, first you should confirm that there is a leak in the pool. You can check for the same by keeping an eye on the pool for one complete day. For this, you will need a 5 gallon size bucket, water and painter’s tape.

    What should you do?

    1. Fill the 5 gallon bucket with water and set it right next to your pool so that both the bucket and the pool will expose their water to the same climatic conditions.
    2. Market the water level in your bucket with a painter’s tape. This tape should be gentle enough to not to harm your vinyl liner when used near it.
    3. Now, mark the water level in the pool with the painter’s tape.
    4. Next day, check if the water level has decreased from the point of tape mark for both the bucket and the pool.
    5. If you notice that the water level has decreased more for the pool from its marked point when compared to that of the bucket, then confirm that it is a leak.
    6. On the other hand, if you find that the difference is almost the same for both of them, then you can assure that the water level has decreased because of evaporation.

    Find the leak is in which section of the pool

    Now that you have invested one completed day and have come to a conclusion that there is a leak in the pool, the next job is to detect its location.

    Swimming pool industry offers you a variety of tools that help you detect the leakage in a pool liner, but they are very complicated to use. Moreover, they are not affordable.

    Some of the leakages detecting tools are:

    • Electrical Impulse Tools
    • Biodegradable Dyes

    Unfortunately, both of them do not guarantee you to find the leakage spot. It is like an expensive effort to guess something out of nothing. First of all, biodegradable dyes may help you confirm if something is a leak spot or not, but will not help you to find where the leakage exists.

    Confirm that the leak is in the liner

    Check electrical section

    Before you touch the liner section, it is easy to check with electrical and plumbing systems for leaks. If you find that there is moisture in the conduit lines that pass from the pool’s lighting system, then call a professional to handle the situation and repair it. You are not suggested to handle the issue as you may get shocked.

    Check plumbing section

    If you find that the water system of the pool is leaking, turn of the filters and check all the pipes, fittings and pump to find for moisture. If you confirm that the leak is in the filtration system and if the pump is failing to turn on, then you may seek for a professional service.

    Check liner section

    Have patience and wait till what level the water keeps leaking. If the water level stops decreasing at a specific point, then most probably the problem is near the point at which the water stopped draining. If the water has been leaking throughout, until it reached the pool liner then, most probably the problem is with the pool liner.

    So, try to check with the liner if you can find any holes or punctures or if you can see any wear and tear. After checking all possible places, if you still end up with disappointing results, then you should replace the liner rather than further wasting your time.

    Detect the leakage location in the liner

    Now that you are confirmed that the leakage spot resides in the pool liner, you have narrowed your search to only the liner part.

    To move forward, all that you will need is food colouring.

    1. Take care that the water level in the pool is full to confirm that the leakage point is not above the water level.
    2. Now, the only logical way to detect a leakage in pool liner is to typically swim into the pool and check inch by inch manually till you find the answer.
    3. As a first step, swim onto the floor level of the pool and touch to feel if there is anything squishy, indicating that the leak is at the bottom side of the liner.
    4. If you suspect a leak, just shoot few drops of food colour in the suspected area. If the colour draws back into the pool then, it is not a leak. Or else, you can see the colour spot in the suspected area and hence, can say that it is a leak.
    5. Continue the same by checking every inch area of the liner till you find the leakage spot.
    6. If you haven’t found even after investing many hours of great effort, then will only left with an option to replace the pool liner. On the other hand, if you found the leakage, then it is very easy to fix.

    Fix the leak

    Now you have achieved a great success in detecting the location of the leak by performing a tedious task, you have now entered into the final part – repair. Identify the size of the leak and see if a patch will suffice.

    If the leak is too big to repair then ALAS! All your efforts to search for the leak have again gone in vain! You have no chance to repair! You can only replace the pool liner!

    Conclusion

    If you doubt that the problem is with the liner, first you need to confirm it. Then you should locate it by following specific methodical technique till you locate it. Once you find the leak, repair it if possible. If the leak is too big to repair, then replace the liner.

    If you did not find the leak, but doubt that the leak resides in the liner, don’t get disappointed. By now, you know how to find leaks in pool liners. So cheer up! Move ahead and get the issue fixed!

    You need to fix the leak as soon as possible or else the subsoil underneath will weaken. Contact a professional and get the work done professionally so that you may enjoy the warranty in case if the history repeats!

    How To Remove Iron/Rust From Pool Water?

    Remove iron from pool

    Well, If somebody tempts you to spend time in swimming pool and then slowly reveal that if you get in, then your hair and nails will be stained, will you ignore and just get in? No, right? Not only you, nobody will like to get into such pools. What is that actually present in the pool that end up in staining you? The answer for all these questions is iron and copper.

    Before we talk about how to remove iron/rust from pool water, we should first know about the side effects of having iron in the water. How do you recognize water that has high levels of iron concentration? Let’s discuss about all of them and then briefly find a solution to get rid of high concentration levels of iron in pool water.

    What is the impact?

    The biggest problem if iron is present in more than adequate quantities in pool water is that they cause stains. Discoloration is very unpleasant to our sight. The water changes its color and will not please the swimmers. However, it will not turn them cloudy.

    The coloured water will stain the pool surface at the bottom, walls and not only that, it will stain even the hair and nails of the swimmers.

    Imbalanced levels of iron will rust the pool equipment. This corrosive nature will in turn result in releasing unwanted copper metal into the water. So, as a part of pool equipment, the victims of corrosion will be pool’s pump, pipes and many other metal accessories.

    Where does iron originate from?

    Iron is the fourth most commonly found metal in the earth’s crust. The metal shines in a beautiful silver shade but when reacts with water and air, it corrodes.

    Iron is generally found from fill water. If the source is a well, then the well may contain iron metal in its ionic state. When you purify these water, the metals get collected in the pipe or plumbing network before it reaches the pool. This gradually corrodes the pipelines and other pool equipment through which it passes. This in turn releases copper into the pool water.

    If you think that cheap pool equipment will do your work, then you might not be thinking correct. The cheaper ones are made of iron and this will easily corrode very soon down the road.

    How to identify?

    Usually, you can take your pool water sample to your local pool store and get it tested for iron.

    If your pool is having high concentration levels of copper, then your pool looks green. On the other hand, if it has highly concentrated levels of iron, then your pool looks rusty brown.

    Again, note in your mind that this is not the same every time. This is generally true in many cases, but when you test the water, you might surprisingly find a different result. So do not come to a conclusion until you test it.

    First of all, if iron is present in your pool in normal levels, it is very difficult to identify. But as the concentration increases, the water starts to discolour into rusty brown. Sometimes, they may turn into bright green or black hue. Obviously, pools filled with such water will not please the swimmers.

    Is there a possibility to remove iron/Rust?

    The answer is Yes! It is difficult to treat a pool that is rich in calcium, where you need to remove complete water and start over again by taking water from a different source. However, if your pool water is high in iron, you can treat it.

    Swimming pool industry offers iron remover that works effectively to deplete iron levels in your pool waters. In many cases, your pool suffers high quantities of iron when the source of water is well. So, in such cases, you can add iron remover while the pool is busy filling up with well water.

    Methods to eliminate iron from pool water

    To remove iron and other metals from water, you have many solutions but, you should choose the right method only after analysing your pool. For this, you should first get the pool water tested by a lab in pool store.

    After they confirm the high levels of iron in your pool water, you can take their guidance for solution.

    Let’s discuss about some of the commonly used iron removal methods in detail:

    Method-1: Shock treat the pool

    Before you go ahead with this type of treatment, it is important for you to consult pool professionals to know which type of shock treatment would be apt for your pool.

    Usually, shock treatment is of two types:

    After you choose appropriate type of shock treatment for your pool, you should follow it up with clarifier treatment so that your pool gets free from iron build up. You need to carefully read the instructions on the shock label.

    • You should first oxidize the metal in the pool. For this, you should shock treat the pool.
    • Once the metal oxidizes, it separates from the water and settles separately like a rust.
    • Since the rust has settled separately, vacuum it out of the pool.
    • Run the pool for 6 to 8 hours while implementing the shock treatment.
    • If your pool walls are stained, scrub them so that the iron that is stuck to them will loosen and gets mixed with the remaining pool waters that are undergoing the shock treatment.

    Method-2: Flocculent method

    This method effectively works to give you an iron free pool waters.

    • Before you go ahead implementing this method, you should first backwash the filter.
    • Calculate how much flocculent you should add. Usually, for every 6,500 gallons of water, it is suggested to add one quarter of a gallon of flocculent.
    • Then, add flocculent to the waters so that it mixes with the water to attach itself to the iron. Once it attaches to the iron, it pulls the iron to the bottom of the pool. This way, it collects on the floor of the pool.
    • Remove the collected metal on the floor. Since it settles on the floor, it would be very easy for you to remove it.

    Method-3: Prevent from oxidizing

    • In this method, you should see that the metal is not oxidized. So, add a chelating or sequestering agent.
    • The added agent forms complexes with the existing metals in the pool.
    • This way, you can prevent the metal from being oxidized.

    Method-4: Iron remover method

    • Close the pool to swimmers when implementing this method.
    • Turn on the filter pump.
    • Do not add chlorine so that the existing chlorine levels start dropping.
    • Wait till the chlorine level drops to zero.
    • Now, lower the pH of the pool. For this, add pH Reducer.
    • Wait till the pH reading reduces to 6.8 ppm.
    • Now, calculate how much you should add ‘Iron Remover’. For every 5000 gallons of water, you should had one quarter of Iron Remover.
    • Let the water circulate overnight.
    • When the water appears clear, increase pH levels to the water such that it reads between 7.2 and 7.8 ppm.
    • Now that your pool is clear from iron, you can start resuming your normal pool maintenance activities like filtering, chlorination etc.

    How to prevent from recurring

    If the source of water is rich in iron and you are not in a position to find an alternative source to fill up your pool, then you should regularly add sequestering agent or chelating agent. These agents are also referred to as ‘metal out products’.

    When you regularly add metal out products to the pool, any new metal that arrives the pool water from the source will then be held by the pool in an inactive complex.

    Conclusion

    When you doubt that you pool water has lot of iron, you should first get the water tested by a lab in pool store. Once it is confirmed, the pool professionals can tell you how to remove iron from pool water and can guide you with appropriate iron removal method.

    Once you follow a specific method to successfully remove iron from the pool, resume normal pool maintenance activities and at the same time, take measures to avoid the situation to recur.

    Usually, the situation recurs when you are unable to avoid the source to fill the pool. In such scenarios, you need not worry if you regularly add metal out products to your pool to keep away metals in your pool.

    How To Find a Leak In an Above Ground Pool?

    Find A Leak In An Above Ground Pool

    Well, finding a leakage spot especially in an above ground pool is like achieving the most difficult task of your life. If you have succeeded in finding it, then that’s definitely a good and celebrating news for you. However, if you don’t succeed in finding it then, that’s obviously a bad and irritating news.

    Many companies come forward to offer services to repair the leakages that are already found. However, many of them do not offer services to find the leakage. So, you must be understanding how difficult it is to find a leakage.

    You will be surprised to know that in many cases, leakage is never detected and hence the only possible solution would be to replace the entire liner.

    These are facts and are not intended to panic you. Stop worrying if you are finding it difficult to find the leakage in your above ground pool. We will guide you through best ideas that help you how to find a leak in an above ground pool.

    Check complete pool equipment

    Before you start implementing tips and ideas to detect a leakage spot, we suggest you to first check the pool equipment. When you are trying to find a leakage spot in an above ground pool, the most difficult place will be in the vinyl liner.

    1. Clean the pool equipment

    • If you do not have a habit of regularly sanitizing and clearing the equipment area, you will now have a hectic work in front of you.
    • Clean the pump and filter areas of the equipment. Check if they are cluttered or overgrown. Investigate to find if any ant piles are formed under the pump. Remove and kill the ants and sanitize the area.
    • Check for weeds and pull them out. Find for unnecessary bothering things like rocks, pool toys and organic waste that reside and create chaos near the equipment area and remove them.

    2. Switch on the pump

    Do you know that some leaks will start to leak only after the pump turns on. When you turn on the pump, you will have more possible opportunity to find a bigger leak.

    3. Detect for wet areas around your pool

    We all know that water is wet. That itself is the sign to find for a leakage. Check all the possible surrounding equipment area that is outside the pool to find if there is any wetness which is only possible if there is any leakage.

    4. Look closely in every possible way

    • Now, this is the most crucial and focused job that you can do.
    • Check into all the equipment components, fittings, hoses and lids to find if there are any drips.
    • Check closely near the area that is directly underneath the pool’s pump.
    • During hot climatic conditions, even if the water drips out of the pump, you might not see the wet area near the leakage. So, keep a dry towel handy to confirm if you have a doubt. Wipe the area to find if the wetness reoccurs to clarify your doubt.

    5. Investigate the skimmer and return spots

    Check the pool skimmer box and return spot as the leaked water will directly travel into these places. If you checked but still not sure, then try placing a dry towel at the pool’s wall to find if the wetness reoccurs. Be patient as detecting a leakage is no easy work.


    Check complete vinyl liner

    If you found very less possibility of leakage near pool equipment area, you will now need to detect for the same in vinyl liner. If you found a leaking spot, please don’t jump in excitement because there is no rule that a pool can have only one leakage!

    1. Turn off the pump to see clearly in still waters

    If the pump is turned on, you cannot see the pool floor clearly. So, turn it off and let the water stand still. Stand outside but closely to the pool and observe nook and corner of every area inside the pool to find a clue for leakage, if possible.

    2. Investigate the pool floor

    Most of the above ground pools have sand or earth based floors. So, if there is any leakage in the vinyl, it is possible that the water leaks out in the ground, just underneath the pool.

    Sometimes, the leaked water that travels through the sand or earth based bottom will wash away the earth, thus leaving small valleys or holes underneath the pool. If this is the case, then you can come to a conclusion that the leakage is in the vinyl liner.

    3. Investigate outside the pool area

    If you have not yet found the leakage, then while you are still standing outside the pool, check the outside bottom area of the pool. If it is covered, dig and clear rocks and dirt around the wall to uncover the bottom track.

    Now, don’t get tricked if you found a wet floor to be a sign of leakage as you know that ground may naturally hold moisture. If the wetness seems to be abnormally excessive then that might be a sign of leakage.

    4. Clean the pool

    Now that you are clear that there is very less possibility of leakage outside the pool, it’s time to get into the pool. Before you do that, first clean and vacuum the pool. If there are leaves and other organic or inorganic debris on the pool floor, they might cover the leakage spot.

    Get into the pool after you secure your eyes with suitable mask or goggles. Carry a color dye and applicator along with you so that you can monitor closely and confirm the leakage spot. At this point of time, ensure once again that the pool pump is off.

    5. Get too close to everything inside the pool

    The ratio of the size of the leakage hole and the pool is incomparable. So, get into every nook and corner of your pool to find if there is any tiny hole at the bottom of the floor or pool’s wall.

    Inspect too closely for holes, small valleys, or divots that you have seen while standing outside the pool. If you found them, shoot some of the dye you carried with you into the hole to find if it travels into the hole or travels back to mix with the water.

    If the dye entered the hole and did not come back, then hurry!!! You have found the leakage spot!

    Tips to find leakage in pool walls

    Have you still not found the leakage spot? Then still you have chance to find if there is a leakage in another area – and that is the pool wall. Many pool walls leak at the lower areas.

    So, invest your time searching for the leakage near the foot area of the pool walls. If you found any, shoot the dye into the hole to confirm if it is a hole or not.

    Check in a methodical manner and follow the procedure below:

    • Do not jumble your search criteria as you will end up with disappointment. Divide YOUR work one after the other to check one by one every square inch of the floor and wall areas of your pool closely, in a specific method like moving from up towards down or vice versa.
    • Have you still not found the leakage? Then slowly swim every inch near the pool liner to find any hole and confirm if it is a leakage by shooting the dye into it.
    • Are you still unsuccessful? Then the last and the least option is to allow the pool to drain without adding further water. In this case, there is a possibility that the pool water will stop draining when it reaches the leakage point. This makes it easy to find the leakage, but remember that this is not always the possible case.

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    Install New Vinyl Liner if Unsuccessful

    Now that you have tried all the possible methods of searching for leakages, you are left with only one option and that is to get and install a new liner. Practically, once the liner crosses its age above 5 years, it is obvious to have more leakage spots. Hence, it is recommended to get a new liner rather than wasting your time searching for leakage spots.

    Conclusion

    It is obviously a patient job to find leakages in above ground pools. Since you know how to find a leak in an above ground pool, and tried every possible method, and if you have been unsuccessful, please don’t take the pain to your heart.

    If your vinyl liner is more than 5 years old, and the leakages are troubling you, just replace it with a new one.

    How To Keep Mosquitoes Away From Pool? – A 10 Step Guide

    Keep Mosquitoes Away From Pool

    Most of us want to spend time in swimming pools for relaxation, exercise, mental peace and earn good and fit body. Are you one among them? If so, you need to think about mosquitoes as they will not help you enjoy the purpose of spending time in pool.

    If your pool is constantly busy with buzzing sounds of tiny insects and mosquitoes then, you need to start finding out how to keep mosquitoes away from pool. It can be extremely annoying and excruciating. Moreover, they carry diseases and if you are a victim, then you will soon need to see a doctor.

    If you are planning to find simple and effective solutions to keep these tiny flies far away from your pool then, we can guide you with the best possible solutions. First of all, you need to know what invites mosquitoes so that you will know how to find the solution.

    What invites mosquitoes?

    Improper maintenance of pools can be the host for breeding mosquitoes. One of the simple and obvious facts is that if your pool is unhygienic and has a lot of stagnant water around its surroundings, then you will be opening doors to invite mosquitoes.

    If your pool is already witnessing issues with these annoying flies, its high time that you take steps to find a solution. Let’s discuss briefly about what all solutions we can implement to our keep away mosquitoes from the pool surroundings.

    1. Apply Mosquito Repellent to your skin

    If you are planning to go for swimming, take a precautionary step by applying a waterproof mosquito repellent to your body. This way, though the mosquitoes are busy buzzing in your surrounding environment, you can still feel better as they cannot bite you.

    2. Choose a long lasting repellent

    • If you don’t have one with you, you can prepare natural repellents at home with simple ingredients like lemon oil or eucalyptus oil.
    • Natural repellents do not give long lasting results and hence you need to reapply every couple of hours.

    3. Work on mosquito larvae

    It is better to quickly implement actions to kill mosquitoes while they are still in larvae stage or too young to bite. If you neglect to take action at this state, the mosquitoes will be too difficult to manage as they will grow into adults and start biting. If possible, try using fine dip nets to monitor for larvae.

    4. Citronella candles

    Lit citronella candles and place them around the swimming area. Citronella acts as a natural mosquito repellent. When you lit these candles, they emit scent that is unfavourable for mosquitoes. Ensure that you lit and place them to be out of reach for children and pets.

    5. Remove stagnant water

    • Old stagnant water is attracts mosquitoes for breeding. So, try removing them.
    • Check regularly if your pool toys and other equipment like rafts have stagnant water and dump them.
    • Always, dry pool toys and other devices that hold stagnant water, in the hot sun before you use them again.
    • During rainy seasons, act regularly to push out standing waters from the pool premises.
    • Check for uneven areas in the pool surroundings and do the needful so that the water will not stand in those gaps.

    6. Eliminate Food Source

    • Analyse your pool surrounding areas to find if any source is acting as food to attract mosquitoes.
    • Excess vegetation and organic debris are the most favourable sources of food for mosquitoes. Ensure that you remove them.
    • See if they are finding shelter from sun and do the needful as they cannot stay in hot sun.
    • Check if any plants in the surrounding pool area are standing in still waters. This also can be of the common reasons for mosquito breeding.

    7. Filter water everyday

    • Run the filters regularly for 3 to 4 hours a day so that if at all any insect larvae exists, it will die.
    • Run the filters even when you are not using your pool to ease your pool maintenance.
    • Check and balance chemical levels in the pool regularly to maintain hygienic conditions of the pool.
    • Remove rubbish on the surface of your pool like leaves, flowers and other yard debris regularly. You can make use of a skimmer for this purpose.

    8. Disinfect your pool

    • It should be a regular habit to clean and disinfect your pool.
    • Maintain proper chemical levels and chlorinate regularly to maintain disinfection levels.
    • Regular chlorination might not kill mosquito larvae, but will help in maintaining hygienic pool and that is one of the greatest turn off for flies.
    • Scrub the floor and walls of your pool regularly on a weekly basis to avoid hard mineral and algae build up.

    9. Use Pool Cover

    • If you are not using your pool, ensure that you cover it with a pool cover to avoid bugs and flies entering into it as they might start breeding.
    • A pool cover will also help to prevent the chemicals from evaporating and hence will have a longevity for hygiene.
    • During rainy season, the surface of your pool cover will be seen pounding with stagnant water due to uneven surfaces. So, remove the standing water regularly to avoid inviting unnecessary mosquito breeding.

    10. Prefer living mosquito repellents

    Some plants act as natural and living mosquito repellents. Prefer to plant them in the surrounding areas of your pool. The scent emitted by these plants will reach a height of 5 to 6 feet and 2 to 3 feet wide. When mosquitoes enter the scent zone, they get confused due to the mask of the smell emitted by these plants.

    mosquito repellent plants
    • Citronella is the most commonly used natural ingredient in mosquito repellent formulation. Though you get citronella scented candles and torches in the market, living citronella is much more effective.
    • Catnip emits a chemical that is 10 times more effective than DEET and is the most preferred ingredient in commercial insect repellents. It is very easy and fast to grow. You can plant the grass to be scattered along the yard and the surrounding pool areas along with other flower plants.
    • Nepeta Cateria is another grass like catnip that grows fast and act effectively as mosquito repellent.
    • Just like citronella, horsemint can also be used as an effective mosquito repellent that grows fast and requires very little maintenance. It is shade and drought resistant plant. It can also tolerate salty water.
    • Marigolds, ageratum, sage brush, vanilla leaf, geranium are some more best examples of natural and living mosquito repellents.

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    Finally, Start Implementing Solution

    Mosquitoes carry diseases and itching can be extremely annoying. Now that you know what invites mosquitoes, and the possible solutions, you must have got a clear idea on how to keep mosquitoes away from pool.

    Keep in mind that stagnant water resides in uneven and unused areas in the pool surroundings, on the pool cover, pool toys and rafts. Ensure that you work your best to scoop out the water from all these places and ensure that you dry them thoroughly in the hot sun so that the insect larvae will be killed.

    Use possible living mosquito repellents that require minimum maintenance and grow fast. Plant them to be scattered and mingled with other flowering plants so that the scent emitted by these living repellents can be scattered throughout the pool surroundings. Choose flowering plants that act as mosquito repellents like geranium and marigold.

    Run the filters regularly so that mosquito larvae that is already present on the surface of the pool will be killed.

    How To Lower pH Level In Hot Tub – A Step By Step Guide

    PH Level In Hot Tub

    Okay. Now that you have just relieved yourself from a stressful and hectic schedule, you are now wanting to relax yourself in the hot tub. It’s a great idea! But, have you ever thought about the improper pH levels in your tub?

    First of all, do you know that high pH levels in your tub can harm your skin and irritate your eyes? Secondly, it can reduce the effect of chlorine you use to keep the algae under control. Thirdly, remember that you are planning to relax in the hot tub and hence, the appearance of water is also important for you. If the pH levels are too high, the color of the waters will turn green and cloudy.

    High pH levels will build up hard and crusty mineral scales on the floor of your tub. This will in turn reduce the life expectancy of your hot tub. If you neglect this important hot tub maintenance, be prepared to face costly issues down the road.

    After getting to know so much about the adverse effects of high pH levels, you must have now understood the importance of lowering pH levels. So, don’t panic and just think about the best solution you can implement. We will tell you how to lower pH in hot tub.

    What more should you know?

    If you think that pH balancing is really important then, total alkalinity is even more important. Total alkalinity is the buffer of pH and if you don’t concentrate of balancing total alkalinity then, pH reading will never cooperate with you.

    Total alkalinity is the capacity to buffer water and resist changes to pH levels of water whereas pH is an expression of the intensity of basic or acid levels of water. If you can bring back total alkalinity levels to range between 80 ppm to 120 ppm, then you can reduce pH levels to acceptable levels which is between 7.2 and 7.8.

    What can you do now?

    Now that you have just detected that your hot tub is suffering from high alkaline levels, you have to take up measures to reduce it.

    So, your target is to bring back the alkalinity to the acceptable levels. If you have come here to know how to reduce alkalinity in your hot tub, then we assure you that by the end of this reading, you have a clear idea about how to approach the problem.

    Step by step procedure

    Now that you are aware that total alkalinity and pH levels are closely connected, let’s start correcting both of them at the same time.

    1. Test the Total Alkalinity reading

    You can make use of alkalinity testing strips or test kits, whichever is available for you. Let’s talk about how to use testing strips:

    1. Take the alkalinity testing strip from the bottle and close it immediately.
    2. Be careful to not to touch the strip or drop it on the ground to avoid inaccurate readings.
    3. Hold the strip on one end and dip it into the water for about 1 or 2 seconds.
    4. Now, after you take it out of water, hold it horizontally for about 15 to 20 seconds.
    5. Compare the total alkalinity color determination pad with the test strip color that has now changed.
    6. If you the reading confirms that you are over the ideal range (100 ppm), then you need to lower the total alkalinity of your pool.

    2. Test the pH level reading

    1. Make use of pH testing strips or kits to know the exact pH level reading.
    2. If the reading is too high than the ideal levels (7.2 to 7.8) then, it is confirmed that the water is too basic or alkaline.

    3. Choose the correct chemical

    Since high alkalinity is the condition of the water being too basic, you need to add acid to lower the pH range. Usually, liquid muriatic acid and dry sodium bisulfate are the most preferred options to deal with this problem.

    4. What happens when you add acid?

    1. When you add acids, they increase the concentration of hydrogen ions, thus working to reduce pH levels.
    2. They will also react with bicarbonates in the water, thus working to reduce total alkalinity levels.
    3. Apart from the choice of acids mentioned above, you may also use ‘pH decreaser’ or ‘alkaline decreaser’ or ‘combination decreaser’ chemical. You can find them in any pool supply store.

    5. Calculate chemical measurements

    1. You need to add right measure of chemical to your water or else, you might end up into more hassle.
    2. pH level will drop faster than the alkalinity levels. So, first target to reduce alkalinity levels.
    3. The general and safe calculation result is that, if you add 1.6 lbs of sodium bisulfate or 1.3 qt of muriatic acid to every 1000 gallons of water, the total alkalinity level will reduce by 10 ppm.

    6. Dilute the chemical

    1. Take a bucket of 8 gallons size and fill it up to three quarters level with your hot tub water.
    2. Now, add the measured chemical to the water in your bucket.
    3. Wait until the chemicals dissolve.

    7. Switch on your hot tub

    1. Ensure that no one is using the hot tub when you are treating it.
    2. Turn on your hot tub to let the filters run.
    3. Wait until the water heats to the required temperature.

    8. Add the dissolved chemical

    1. While the tub is hot and running, slowly pour the dissolved chemical into the hot tub.
    2. Have patience or else hurry buffy activity can damage your tub.
    3. Allow the water to set for at least 3 to 6 hours so that the required chemical reaction will take place in the water.
    4. While the chemicals are working, ensure that your tub is running and that the pumps are circulating to mix water and acid thoroughly.

    9. Test Total alkalinity and pH levels once again

    1. Before you start using the hot tub, you need to test the total alkalinity and pH levels once again to confirm that your tub is in safe zone.
    2. If you have added the measurements correctly, you must be enjoying the ideal results.
    3. If you find that the alkalinity and pH levels are still high, don’t be disappointed. You are learning to understand them even better.
    4. Be positive and repeat the whole process once again.

    10. Do not forget regular maintenance

    1. To improve the life expectancy of your hot tub, you must regularly check and maintain the alkalinity and pH levels.
    2. Once in 6 months, ensure that you completely drain your tub and refill it with new water.
    3. Before you use the refilled water, make sure that you will not use them until you have added the required amount of chemicals to balance the total alkalinity and pH levels.

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    Why wait? Go and start implementing!

    Hot tubs can greatly relax your body and mind to give you better health and sleep. If you love using your hot tub, ensure that you use it only after you are confident enough that the water is safe for you. Keep a regular check on the alkaline levels of the water. After every drain, ensure that you refill and add appropriate chemicals to your tub to balance the alkalinity.

    Now that you know how to lower pH in hot tub, do not wait anymore and start working with a positive motive!!

    Drain, Clean and Refill a Swimming Pool With And Without Pumps

    A swimming pool gives a lot of pleasure and enjoyment for humans of every age. Many people use it to relieve from stress after a hectic schedule. Swimming is one of the best body exercises that help to maintain fit body.

    Since it is a man built structure that stores enough water to provide a provision for swimming and since there is no option of continuous running of fresh waters into the pool, there is an obvious reason for the water to get polluted due to reasons like continuous swimming, debris, dust, algae and so on.

    Tip - Check out my article on best Algaecide Product and how to clean the pool using them.

    Also, the TDS (Total Dissolved Salts) levels in the pool waters become too high over time and gets difficult to maintain chemistry.

    Too high TDS levels begin to build mineral stains on the floor and walls of the pool structure. Since it is very difficult to lower the TDS levels in the water, you might want to drain, clean and refill your pool to start over again with clean and chemical balanced waters.

    Power Water Pumps Products

    Let’s now discuss about some of the well-known and best working power water pumps in today’s market. These products are known for their brand and have achieved plenty of happy customers.


      WAYNE WAPC250 1/4 HP Automatic ON/OFF Water Removal Pool Cover Pump

      The WAYNE WPC250 is an automatic ON/OFF water removal pool cover pump. This model offers:

      • High water flow rate of 3000 gallons of water per hour.
      • Consumes minimum energy while being oil-free.
      • Drain hose of 1-1/4inch diameter.
      • iSwitch technology to turn the pump on and off automatically by sensing the presence of water.
      • Inbuilt freeze protection to avoid damage to the pump.

      The Package includes:

      Specifications

      • Check-valve with 3/4inch garden hose adapter to reduce repetitive cycling
      • Power cord of 25 feet long
      • ‘Pull to shore’ rope of 25 feet long to help position the pump properly on the pool cover.

    Shurflo 2088-594-154, 2088 Series, 198 GPH, 115 VAC Diaphragm Industrial Pump

    This pump is one of the on-demand pumps in the market today. The features and inclusions of the package are as follows:

    • Comes with 3 camber diaphragm pump with a permanent magnet
    • The motor power is 115V AC and is thermally protected to deliver
    • Reliable performance during high water flow
    • Offer moderate pressure applications
    • Self-priming up to 9feet vertical (maximum 50 PSI; maximum inlet pressure: 30 PSI)
    • Discharge port size: 1/2inch, is self-priming and has thermal overload protection
    • Suction port size: 1/2inchTotal head size is 100 feet, flow 198 GPH, maximum 50 PSI and 115V

    Watts 500800 Hot Water Recirculating System with Built-In Timer

    This model eliminates waste water and offers hot water at every faucet.

    The features include:

    • Conserve up to 15000 gallons of water per year.
    • Save 10 per cent of your water bill.
    • No need of much of maintenance.
    • Installation is easy and simple and takes less than an hour.
    • Includesa.

    The Package includes:

    Specifications

    • Pump with timer
    • Electric cord of 10 feet long
    • Valve mounting screws
    • Sensor valve
    • Extra sensor valves to use for homes with more than one plumbing loops
    • Two supply lines of 12 inches each
    • Two adapters with rubber washers

    Flojet 18555-000A, Portable RV Waste Pump

    This model manages dirty water from holding tanks by using self-priming and powerful macerator pump.

    The features include:

    • Run dry protection up to 30 seconds
    • Pump housing connects to standard 3inch waste outlet
    • 6feet power leads with plug are permanently attached to vehicle or battery clips for complete portability
    • Discharge port: standard garden hose connector

    Specifications

    • Motor: 12 vdc permanent magnet type, fully covered with stainless steel shaft
    • Impeller: Jabsco Nitrile Compound
    • Seal: Lip type port: inlet – 3inch RV Connector, outlet – garden hose with minimum size 5/8inch
    • Macerator: uses stainless steel cutter to cut waste particles to maximum size of 1/8inch

    Lifan Pump Pro LF2WP 2-Inch Commercial Centrifugal Water Pump

    This model is a part of PumpPro Series. It can be mobilized with Universal Wheel Kit sold separately by the manufacturer.

    This Pump Uses:

    • Lifan’s 6.5 MHP
    • 196 cc Industrial Grade OHV Gasoline Engine
    • Quality pump housing
    • Heavy duty roll cage
    • Cast iron impeller and viacon mechanical seals
    • Adjustable throttle
    • Low engine shutdown protection
    • Easy recoil startup with auto decompression
    • Warranty policy is limited for 1 year commercial or rental use and 3 years for residential use

    The Main Features Include:

    • 2inch diameter inlet/ outlet
    • Deliver 6604 gallons of water per hourc
    • 19.68feet suction lift
    • 85.3feet maximum pump head
    • 0.95-gallon contractor grade model fuel tank that allows 2.5 hours run time

    WAYNE RPP50 Cast Iron Sewage Pump with Piggy Back Tether Float Switch

    This model is known to be durable and ideal for basement installations.

    Wayne Water Systems is one of the leading providers of residential water handling solutions and has been in the market over 80 years, offering successful solutions to provide dry basements, reliable working of wells and sewage systems, lawns, (pools such as hidden inground and above the ground) and other outdoor areas.

    The features include:

    Specifications

    • Pumps up to 4680 gallons per hour with 5 feet to lift.
    • Made of durable cast iron motor.
    • Pump housing and supports automatic and manual operation with replaceable piggy back tether switch.
    • RPP50 2 inch NPT discharge handles 2inch solids.

    Drain, Clean and Refill a Swimming Pool with Pump

    1

    Draining

    Plan proper time of day

    If you are planning to drain out the water from the pool, you need to plan it during the early hours of the day so that the pool becomes empty before it is dark. For this, you will need to get the required devices and plan the drain method on the before day to avoid unnecessary chaos.

    Get a submersible sump pump

    You will need a submersible sump pump to pump out the water to a sewer point. Ensure that the drain point is not more than 100 feet long from your swimming pool.

    The sump pump should include a rubber fire hose that has enough length to access the drain point.

    Usually, the regular hose length will be 50 feet and you might need two if the drain point is more than 50 feet long from your pool. If you do not have one, you can buy or rent it from your nearby home improvement store.

    Choose the drain point

    Choosing a drain point for your pool is very important as you need to drain huge volumes of water. If you are unable to decide, you can take the help of pool professionals who can guide with their expertise skills. Usually, you will have two options to drain your entire pool:

    Cleanout

    If you choose to drain your pool directly your cleanout then, you will need a plastic pipe of 3 to 4 inches’ diameter that is usually outside your bathroom or kitchen. This water directly falls into the sewer from where the city reuses the water.

    Irrigation

    The water is drained out into a lawn or plants or shrubbery area. If your water has excessive salt or chlorine, then it is not advisable to drain into salt-sensitive plants as they do not react well to chlorine.

    Place the pump into the pool and plug it in

    Lower the pump into the pool and ensure that both the ends of the hose are in proper positions. One end of the hose should be properly attached to the pump that is lowered into the pool and the other end should be properly placed at the drain point. Try to push the hose at least 3 feet or more into the drain point to ensure that it is not hit out by any obstacle.

    Drain last waters manually

    Once the pump drains out the pool, you will be left with the last waters of about a foot depth that you need to drain out manually. You might need to make use of buckets, mugs and sponge to drain out. A helper can surely come handy during this process.

    2

    Cleaning

    Hit the debris with water pressure from hose

    ​You can blast the debris at every nook and corner with a heavy water pressure force out of your hose.

    You can make use of your in-house cleaning kit and brush out the entire floor and walls of your pool construction.

    At this stage, if you encounter that your pool needs repairs, you can contact the pool department to send a professional to do the work for you.

    ​Clean calcium and other chemical scales in the pool

    ​While treating the pool waters with chemicals, you might end up with lot of chemical scales inside the pool structure.

    CLRs (Calcium, Lime and Rust remover) will make the work easy for you. Tough build ups can be removed by making use of devices like knives and scrubbing pads.

    Ensure that you wear gloves while cleaning as the cleaning chemicals may hurt your skin. While using pointed or sharp tools to clean the built up scales, make sure that you do not damage the lining of the pool.

    To avoid chemical scales from reappearing in the future, you can make use of ‘stain and scale inhibitors’. You will need to reapply them at every month in the future as well for future maintenance.

    ​Perform an acid wash

    ​An acid wash will not only clean your pool, but will also make the cleaning process easy for you.

    A good acid wash will keep your pool walls clean and bright, giving a pleasant experience for the pool users.

    If your pool is already clean and if you don’t have much time to spend, you can ignore this step.

    3

    Refill a pool with pump

    Plan the source of water to refill

    You need to plan the source of water to refill the pool even before you start to drain the water. If you have enough ground water to fill the pool, then all that costs you is the power that is used to run the pump. If you do not have such provision, then you need to search for call the water department of your city to enquire the charges and the services they can offer you.

    Estimate time to refill your pool

    It is very important to calculate the time it will take to refill your pool with your pump. You cannot wait near you pool till the time it needs to fill as it will take huge time and you might have plenty of works around. Hence, if you estimate the time to refill the pool, you can ensure that you will be available near the pool to stop the pump. If you are careless, you might end up with a lake in your backyard.

    Fill your pool

    Now that you know how long it takes to refill the pool, you can turn on your pump to start filling the pool. Connect one or more of your garden hoses to the spigots and drop them into the pool. If the pool was recently constructed or plastered due to repairs, you might need to send the water with less force from the hose to avoid messing of the recent plastered area. For that, you can tie socks to the spout of the hose and secure with a thin rope or rubber bands to reduce the force of water.

    Check the alkalinity of water

    Now that your pool is refilled, you have ended up with fresh water that has no chemicals or chlorines. In order to maintain the pool, you need to first know the alkalinity and pH levels of the water. This will help you how to adjust the alkalinity, pH level and hardness of water.

    Add required chemicals

    Now that you have tested the alkalinity, pH levels and hardness of water, you need to calculate the amount of chlorine, cyanuric acid and/or other salts to add to the water. You can do this with the help of a professional so that you might not end up with wrong calculations which will in turn cost you unexpectedly too high.

    Set up the filtering system

    Set up the sand and debris filtering system to offer you longevity for the pool waters. Try to perform maintenance for the pool from the first day so that give less chance for the pool to get worse.

    Drain, Clean and Refill a Swimming Pool without Pump

    1

    Draining

    Draining the pool without pump is very economical. Just like you plan the drain point for a pool with pump, you need to do the same for a pool that you plan to drain without pump as well. It is not that tough as it sounds.

    Estimate the number of water hoses to reduce time

    To drain the pool without pump, you will need a water hose of 3 to 4inch diameter. The length of the hose should be long enough to reach the drain point. If you want to reduce the drain time, you can use multiple hoses at multiple points in the pool, but you need to again ensure that you will not strain the drain point.

    Place one end of the hose to reach the bottom of the pool

    Place one end of the hose such that it reaches almost but will not touch the bottom surface of the pool as you need to create a gap between the hose and the floor to allow the water to enter into the hose.

    Suck the other end of the hose

    This is very important step, and once you get successful, you can just sit back and take rest till the pool drains completely. You need to such the water from the other end of the hose until the water reaches your mouth.

    Be alert that you will not swallow and spit out the water. Do the same for all the hoses that you have placed in multiple places in your pool. Once the water starts to flow, it will continue until the water is finished in the pool and the air enters the hose.

    Keep checking occasionally to ensure that the hose is always inside the water till the end, to avoid the air entering into it.

    Place the other end into the drain point

    Once the water starts to exit from the hose outlet, place it into the drain point at least 3 feet deep so that you can ensure that the water will enter the drain point successfully till the end.

    Manually drain the remaining water

    If your pool is left with very little water that are not ready to enter into the hose, you can make use of mugs, buckets and sponges to remove the water from the pool

    2

    Cleanning An Empty pool

    To clean an empty pool, the usage of a pump is very minimum or nil. You will need a pump when you want to drain away the water used for cleaning the dirt.

    Since the quantity of such water will be very less, you can make use of mugs, buckets and sponges to manually drain out the water.

    To clean the pool, the step by step procedure is as follows:

    • Clear the debris, algae and dirt.
    • Use chemicals like CLRs (Chlorine, Lime and Rust remover) to remove the salt and other scales formed in the pool.
    • Use sharp and pointed devices like knives etc. to clear off tough chemical buildups in the pool.
    • Use scrubbing pads to scrub off the dirt on the flooring and walls of the pool.
    • Perform a good acid wash for a bright, clean and hygienic pool.
    3

    Refill the pool without pump

    To refill a pool without pump, you need to have temporary water storage system or a well with ground water. Consider the following steps:

    • Take a water hose of enough length to reach the water source and the pool.
    • Suck the water from the hose till it reaches your mouth.
    • Place the spout of the hose inside the pool so that the water falls into the pool.You can add multiple hoses to refill the pool faster.
    • Once the pool is full, you can remove the hoses and allow the water to settle.
    • Check the alkalinity, pH level and hardness of the water to calculate the chemicals and salts you need to add to the water.

    Add the appropriate chemicals and if required, do it under the supervision of a swimming pool expert.

    Other Important Articles

    Frequently asked questions:

    How to drain an above ground pool completely

    You can drain an above ground pool in two ways:

    By Using Pump

    • Select appropriate drain point that supports to hold all your pool waters without any mess.
    • Make use of a medium size water or vacuum pump and submerge into the pool waters.
    • Place the other end of the hose at least 3 feet inside the drain point to confirm that there are no obstacles to disturb the drain process.
    • Turn on the pump with dry hands.Keep checking periodically that the pump is always submerged in the water.
    • Turn off the pump once the above ground pool is drained completely.

    Without Using Pump

    • Select appropriate drain point to drain the pool waters.
    • Take a hose that is long enough to reach the drain point from the pool waters.
    • Suck the hose outlet till the water comes out of the hose and ensure that you do not swallow the pool water.
    • Place the hose deep into the drain point.
    • To speed up the process, you can place multiple hoses at multiple points of the pool so that they all work simultaneously.
    • Take care that the hoses are always inside the water till the end.
    • Once the water has finished in the pool, air starts to enter the hose, which means that the draining of the pool has completed.

    How to drain an in ground pool

    Plan 3 things:

    • Close return lines.
    • Ensure that air doesn’t enter the suction lines when the water level decreases or else the water stops flowing.
    • Plan the drain point to dump waste water.
    • Close the return lines if your pool doesn’t use filters. If it uses filters, then you need not shut the return lines as the waste line alone cannot afford to handle the GPM pressure produced by the pump.
    • Open the waste line that uses sand filter or DE filter.
    • Open the waste line that uses cartridge filter.
    • Close the top suction lines.
    • Check if main drain is functioning properly. Make sure that the diverter to main drain is fully open and that the main drain is not clogged.
    • Ensure that the water is successfully draining into the drain point.

    How to remove/ drain/ pump water from pool cover (inground and above the ground)

    For both above ground or in ground variety, the dirty waters accumulated on the top of the swimming pool cover have to be removed.

    You can do this by few methods like:

    Electric pump

    Submerge the pump into the dirty waters

    Place the other end of the hose into the drain point

    Turn on the pump until the water drains

    Remove with buckets and mugs

    Remove dirty waters by using buckets and mugs

    Dump the dirty waters into the drain point

    Siphon hose

    Place one end of the hose into the dirty waters that need to be siphoned

    Siphon the dirty waters so that they start to spout at the outlet of the hose

    Place the dirty spout into the drain point


    How to siphon water with a garden hose

    • Take a garden hose that is long enough to reach the drain point from the siphon point
    • Anchor one end off the garden hose with an object that is heavy enough to keep it in place, but light enough to not block the water flow through the hose
    • Place the other end of the hose into the point where you want the siphoned water to flow
    • Attach a shut off valve to the other end of the hose from where the siphoned water spouts
    • Leave the valve open
    • Attach another hose to the first hose where the valve is left open
    • Secure the other end of the second hose to a water valve
    • Fill the siphon hose with water. For this, turn on the water valve attached to the second hose to allow the first hose acting as siphon to be filled with water and then turn off the valve that connects the first and second hose.
    • Detach second hose and turn on the valve. You will see that the water flows out of the garden hose.

    How to drain an in ground pool with the main drain

    • In filter mode, no water is being added to your pool. Hence, there is no need to close the return lines to your pool.
    • Open waste line that uses sand or DE filter. For this, turn off the pump, rotate the handle of ‘multiport valve’ to waste mode, check that waste line is attached to waste port, and turn on the pump.
    • Open waste line that uses cartridge filter. For this, open the ball valve to ‘waste line’ mode.
    • Close the top suction lines. Do this to avoid air from being sucked into the suction line.
    • Close all incoming ports except main drain so that water flows from main drain to the pump and then to waste port.
    • Check main drain operation. Ensure that the diverter valve to the main drain is fully open and that the drain is not clogged.

    Conclusion

    A swimming pool needs continuous maintenance to maintain cleanliness and longevity as the setup of a pool is very expensive.

    Draining, cleaning and refilling a pool are very expensive both financially and environmentally. If your pool has balanced TDS levels and if your pool demands drain and refill to due unavoidable repairs, you can drain existing pool waters into a temporary storage, perform repairs and then refill back the waters.

    If the TDS chemistry of your pool has lost its balance then you need to drain, clean, refill and add proper chemicals to your pool to start over again with a clean pool.

    Both above ground and in ground pools require equal maintenance and you can perform draining, cleaning and refilling of your pool with the best method that suits you from the available plenty of methods.